University of Moscow, M. Nikolai Vasilievich Gogol. Biography of Nikolai Vasilievich Gogol and a searchable collection of works. trans-a.info › Literature Network › Nikolai Vasilievich Gogol. Anton Chekhov. Biography of Anton Chekhov and a searchable collection of works. trans-a.info › Literature Network › Anton Chekhov. Everywhere he went he was welcomed, praised, and celebrated with parties, but he felt rather distant from it all and soon wearied of the social round. In the early morning hours of July 2, , he awoke choking and delirious but had enough presence of mind to send for a doctor.
Yevgeny Yevtushenko Best known poet of the post-Stalin generation of Russian poets, Yevtushenko's early poems show the influence of Mayakovsky and loyalty to communism, but with such works as The Third Snow Yevtushenko become a spokesman for the young post-Stalin generation and travelled abroad widely throughout the Khrushchev and the Brezhnev periods.
Yevtushenko was born in Zima in Irkutsk July 18, as a fourth-generation descendant of Ukrainians exiled to Siberia. He moved to Moscow inwhere he studied at the Gorky Institute of Literature from to In he accompanied his father on geological expeditions to Kazakhstan and to Altai in His first important narrative poem Zima Junction was published in but gained international fame in with Babi Yar, in which he denounced Nazi and Russian anti-Semitism.
The poem was not published in Russia untilalthoug it was frequently recited in both Russia and abroad. The Heirs of Stalinpublished presumably with Party approval in Pravda, was not republished until The poem contained warnings that Stalinism had long outlived its creator.
Yevtushenko's demands for greater artistic freedom and his attacks on Stalinism and bureaucracy in the late s and 60s made him a leader of Soviet youth. However, he was allowed to travel widely in the West until He published then A Precocious Autobiography in English, and his privileges and favors were withdrawn, but restored two years later.
In Yevtushenko gained huge success with his play Under the Skin of the Statue of Liberty. Since the s he has been active in many field of culture, writing novels, engaging in acting, film directing, and photography.
He has also remained politically outspoken and in supported Solzhenitsyn when the Nobel Prize Winner was arrested and exiled. In Yevtushenko became member of the Congress of People's Deputies.
Since he has been vice president of Russian PEN. He was appointed honorary member of American Academy of Arts and Sciences in After the accession of Gorbachev to power, Yevtushnko introduced to Soviet readers many poets repressed by Stalin in the journal Ogonek.
He raised public awareness of the pollution of Lake Baikal and when communism collapsed he was instrumental in getting a monument to the victims of Stalinist repression placed opposite Lubianka, headquarters of the KGB.