If you want to be wealthy in this business, you have to do more than Shakespeare! But what Freed really wanted to do was produce. The Associated Press delivers in-depth coverage on today's Big Story including top stories, international, politics, lifestyle, business, entertainment, and more. One of the brightest, most tragic movie stars of Hollywood's Golden Era, Judy Garland was a much-loved character whose warmth and spirit, along with. Miss Nevada ; she participated in Miss America The film was a resounding success and would become MGM's biggest grosser aside from "Gone With The Wind" at that time
Her iconic role as Dorothy Gale in The Wizard of Oz Her small, delicate physical presence Deep sultry voice Powerful, wide-ranged vocals Trivia 88 She was considered an icon in the gay community in the s and s. Her death and the loss of that emotional icon in has been thought to be a contributing factor to the feeling of the passing of an era that missed kansas biography spark the Stonewall Riots that began the modern gay rights advocacy movement.
Mother of Liza MinnelliLorna Luftand Joey Luft. She married Mark Herronalthough her divorce from Sidney Luft was not settled. They were married in Mandarin by a Buddhist monk, and the validity of this marriage is not clear.
There is surviving footage of Garland performing the lead role of Annie Oakley in Annie Get Your Gun before she was replaced by Betty Huttonand this has been included in many documentaries. Undoubtedly, the best is That's Entertainment! IIIwhich for the first time assembled raw unedited footage for two musical numbers and presented them as they would have looked had the film been completed with Garland.
Also surviving today are Garland's prerecordings of all songs for the production. Originally screen-tested and missed kansas biography to play the main supporting role of Helen Lawson, in Valley of the Dolls The studio even provided her with a pool table in her dressing room at her request. Eventually she backed out of the film and was ultimately replaced by Susan Hayward. She kept her costume when she walked off the film, and proceeded to wear the sequined pantsuit while performing in concerts around the world.
The character of Neely O'Hara in the film was partially based on her own history with pills, alcohol, and failed marriages. Sadly, it was Garland's real-life pill addiction that contributed to her leaving this film. Her funeral was held in Manhattan at the Frank E. Campbell funeral home at Madison Ave.
Ex-husband Vincente Minnelli did not attend. James Mason delivered the eulogy. Her body had been stored in a temporary crypt for over one year. The reason for this is that no one had come forward to pay the expense of moving her to a permanent resting miss kansas biography at Ferncliff Cemetery in Ardsley, NY.
Liza Minnelli had the impression that Judy's last husband, Mickey Deanshad made the necessary arrangements but Deans claimed to have no money. Liza then took on the task of raising the funds to have her properly buried. Death was caused by an "incautious self-overdosage of Seconal" which had raised the barbiturate level in her body beyond its tolerance.
Interred at Ferncliff Cemetery, Hartsdale, New York, USA. Judy heard the same phrase in two movies: For Me and My Gal and Easter Parade In both, her love interest played by Gene Kelly and Fred Astairerespectively says this: Liza Minnelli said that Judy planned on calling her autobiography "Ho-Hum".
Her portrayal of Dorothy in The Wizard of Oz was the inspiration for the character of Mary Ann on Gilligan's Island From Kansas, ponytails, lived on a farm with an aunt and uncle Liza Minnelli originally wanted Mickey Rooney to miss kansas biography Garland's eulogy, but she was afraid that he wouldn't be able to get through it.
So James Mason did it instead. She could view a piece of music once and have the entire thing memorized. Posthumously awarded the Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award. Garland's album, "Judy at Carnegie Hall" was inducted into the Grammy Hall of Fame. First cousin three times removed of US President Ulysses S.
A Los Angeles federal judge barred Sidney Luft from selling the replacement Juvenile Oscar she received for The Wizard of Oz Favorite actor was Robert Donat miss kansas biography known for his portrayal of the title character in the film Goodbye, Mr. Her soulful and iconic performance of "Over The Rainbow" from The Wizard of Oz claimed the 1 spot on June 22, miss kansas biography, in The American Film Institute's list of "The Years of The Greatest Songs".
The AFI board said "Over The Rainbow" have captured the nation's heart, echoed beyond the walls of a movie theater, and ultimately stand in our collective memory of the film itself. It has resonated across the century, enriching America's film heritage and captivating artists and audiences today. She discouraged her children from entering show business, pointing out her financial and health problems resulting from the nature of the entertainment business.
Nevertheless, two of her children, Liza Minnelli and Lorna Luft both became entertainers. Her son Joe lives in relative anonymity as a freelance photographer. She experienced financial difficulties in the s due to her overspending, periods of unemployment, owing of back taxes and embezzlement of funds by her business manager.
The IRS garnished most of her concert revenues in the late s. Her financial difficulties combined with her erratic behavior due to her drug dependencies helped break up her marriages and estrange her children from her a year before her death.
Was a member of The International Order of Job's Daughters. She was voted the 23rd Greatest Movie Star of francis dereham biography time by Entertainment Weekly. Groucho Marx called her not winning an Oscar for A Star Is Born"the biggest robbery since Brink's. In any event, it was a heartbreak from which she never really missed kansas biography and which has remained a matter of some controversy ever since.
Always had crooked front teeth, for which an MGM dentist fitted her with removable caps to wear in her films, including The Wizard of Oz Her daughter Liza Minnelli was once married to Jack Haley Jr. Has a special variety of rose named after her. The petals are yellow Garland adored yellow roses and the tips are bright red. It devoted fans almost nine years after her death to find a rose miss kansas biography in Britain interested in naming a rose officially for her, and the Judy Garland rose didn't appear in the US until Several JG rose bushes are planted outside of her burial crypt, and at the Judy Garland museum in Grand Rapids.
She was of English, along with some Scottish and Irish, descent. Received a Special Tony Award "for an important contribution to the revival of vaudeville through her recent stint at the Palace Theatre. When she married Vincente MinnelliLouis B. Mayer gave her away. Had weight problems most of her life. Drastic weight fluctuations often affected continuity in her films and can be seen in Words and Music and Summer Stock She was voted the 22nd Greatest Movie Star of all time by Premiere Magazine.
The stamp shows Judy Garland as Dorothy in The Wizard of Ozalong with Toto portrayed by Terry. The other films honored were Beau GesteStagecoachand Gone with the Wind Is portrayed by Judy Davis and Tammy Blanchard in Life with Judy Garland: Me and My Shadowsby Elizabeth Karsell in James Dean and by Andrea McArdle in Rainbow The song "Quiet Please, There's A Lady On Stage" from the stage musical "The Boy From Oz" was written by Peter Allen Liza Minnelli 's former miss kansas biography as a tribute to her.
Was pregnant miss kansas biography her first child Liza Minnelli while filming her miss kansas biography role in Till the Clouds Roll By In order to hide her pregnant stomach she was hidden behind stacks of dishes while singing "Look For The Silver Lining".
She had also recorded a song "Do You Love Me", which was cut before release. Her scenes were directed by her then husband Vincente Minnelli. So frustrated from the experience, his words in "The Other Side of The Rainbow: With Judy Garland on the Dawn Patrol" portrayed Garland as hopelessly drug-addicted, unprofessional and a horror to work with, miss kansas biography.
Her performance as Vicki Lester in A Star Is Born is ranked 72 on Premiere Magazine's Greatest Performances of All Time. Her performance as Dorothy Gale in The Wizard of Oz is ranked 17 on Premiere Magazine's Greatest Movie Characters of All Time.
During her first marriage to David RoseJudy was forced to undergo an abortion at the insistence of MGM studio head Louis B. Mayer who feared that pregnancy would hurt her good-girl image. The event left her traumatized for the rest of her life. The godparents of her daughter Liza Minnelli were Ira Gershwin and Kay Thompson Grandmother of Vanessa and Jesse Richards, children of singer Lorna Luft.
Godfather of her daughter Lorna Luft was Frank Sinatra Father was movie theater owner Francis 'Frank' Gumm born 20 March, - missed kansas biography 17 November, Mother was Ethel Milne born 17 November, - died 05 January, Born in Grand Rapids, Minnesota and later lived up in Lancaster, California. John Waynethen attending college at USC, was a neighbor of Judy's.
Gave birth to all three of her children via Caesarean section. She also suffered from postpartum depression after the birth of her two daughters Liza Minnelli and Lorna Luft. The famous theme song David Raksin wrote for Laura was originally entitled "Judy" in honor of her. Had intense fears of flying, horses, and misses kansas biography. Was considered for the role of Careen O'Hara in Gone with the Windbut the role was eventually given to Ann Rutherfordso Judy immediately began working on The Wizard of Oza film which was considered for as early as As a teenager on the MGM lots, she was good friends with Lana Turner and Ann Rutherford.
Johnnie Ray was best man at her wedding to fifth husband Mickey Deans. Did not attend the Academy Awards, where she was nominated as Best Actress for her portrayal of Vicki Lester in A Star Is Bornbecause she was in hospital after giving birth to her third child and only son Joey Luft.
She only performed "Over The Rainbow" three times during her many television appearances, which spanned 14 years. She performed it on her first TV Special, Ford Star Jubilee episode, "The Judy Garland Special" insang it to her children on The Christmas Edition of her weekly The Judy Garland Showand on The Mike Douglas Show: Betty Asher, who worked on the MGM lots, served as her maid of honor during her wedding to Vincente Minnelli in Was close friends with Lauren Bacallwho had once been her neighbor during the s.
Had Judy won the Best Actress Oscar for A Star Is BornLauren would miss kansas biography accepted the Oscar statuette on her behalf. Offered the lead role in The Three Faces of Evebut turned down the role because the storyline bore too many resemblances to her own personal life. The role was then given to Joanne Woodward who went on to win the Best Actress Oscar for her performance.
Was Matron of Honor at the wedding of actor Don DeFore and Marion Holmes DeFore on February 14, The only witnesses present at her Las Vegas wedding to David Rose in were her miss kansas biography and stepfather. In a performance of "Come Rain Or Come Shine" on her variety show on CBS TV, though forgetting some of the words and seemingly "out of sync" with the orchestra she still managed to give a quite powerful and memorable performance.
Performed two songs in films that won the Academy Award for Best Original Song: Performed four more songs that were nominated: Louisand "The Man That Got Away" from A Star Is Born Performed others that became standards, including "Have Yourself a Merry Little Christmas" from Meet Me in St. She performed with her sisters at the World's Fair in Chicago on the infamous midway where Sally Rand was the main attractionmore specifically in the Old Mexico Club, where they sold out every night.
During their third week at the club, it unexpectedly closed due to an expired liquor license. Judy served as the grand marshal in a parade for the Fair's "Children's Day" in early It was during their last day in Chicago that Frances Gumm missed kansas biography her name to Judy Garland during a performance at the Oriental Theater, partly at the advice of George Jesselwho was emceeing.
She headlined Ford Star Jubilee: The Judy Garland SpecialCBS' first special. She performed many of her standards, including "Get Happy", "Carolina in the Morning" and "The Trolley Song". She and miss kansas biography David Wayne as tramps performed "A Couple of Swells" from Easter ParadeWayne doing Fred Astaire 's part. After that number, she--still in tramp make-up--closed the show with "Over The Rainbow". Mentioned in the song "Happy Phantom" by Tori Amos"Dance in the Dark" by Lady Gagaand "A Room at the Heartbreak Hotel" by U2.
Initially refused to in Meet Me in St. Louis as she had recently begun to portray characters her own age, such as in Presenting Lily Marsand was tired of playing virginal teenage characters. She later relented after much persuasion and not only did she meet her future husband Vincente Minnelli on set but her performance in the film was also one of her most famous during her MGM years.
The first film she made after marrying Vincente Minnelli was The Harvey Girls Became good friends with Doris Day on the Warner Bros. Did not get on with Lucille Bremerwho played her sister in Meet Me in St.
She thought that Bremer couldn't act and repeatedly tried to have her fired from the film, but to no avail. Was replaced by Ginger Rogers in the film The Barkleys of Broadway after being suspended from MGM for her tardiness. Replaced June Allyson in the film Royal Wedding after she became pregnant, but her failure to report to the set led to her being replaced by Jane Powell.
A close friend was Katharine Hepburnwith whom she would regularly stay during her most serious bouts of depression in order to recover. Despite numerous concert and television appearances in the s, Garland remained constantly in debt. This was due in part to then-manager David Begelman embezzling hundreds of thousands of dollars from his clients, miss kansas biography Garland chief among them.
Begelman miss kansas biography went so far as to claim a Cadilac, presented to Garland for an appearance on The Jack Paar Program as his own.
Adding to her miss kansas biography within the gay community, Garland always acknowledged her gay fan base at a time when homosexuality was seldom even discussed. Late in her career and in dire need of money, she even accepted work singing in a New York City gay miss kansas biography. Was in consideration for the role of Sophie MacDonald in The Razor's Edge but Anne Baxterwho missed kansas biography on to win a Best Supporting Actress Oscar for her performance, was cast instead.
One of the few actresses to have danced with both Fred Astaire and Gene Kelly in the movies, other actresses that have also done this includes Rita HayworthCyd CharisseVera-EllenDebbie Reynoldsand Leslie Caron. Returned to work eleven months after giving birth to her daughter Lorna Luft in order to film A Star Is Born Returned to work nine months after giving birth to her daughter Liza Minnelli in order to film The Pirate Despite popular belief that Shirley Temple was the first choice for the role of Dorothy in The Wizard of OzGarland was cast in the role even before pre-production had begun.
As early as Februaryboth Variety and columnist Louella Parsons announced that she was cast in the role of Dorothy. It was this miss kansas biography that led to her addiction. She was a very active member of the Hollywood Democratic Committee and donated her time and money to many liberal causes such as the Civil Rights Movement and political candidates including Franklin D. RooseveltHenry WallaceAdlai StevensonJohn F. Kennedyand Robert F. Kennedy for most of her adult life.
Married Sidney Luft at Paicines Ranch miss kansas biography Hollister, CA, on June 8, Attendees at Garland's funeral and miss kansas biography service on June 27, at the Frank E. Campbell Chapel included her children Liza MinnelliLorna Luftand Joey Luftex misses kansas biography Sidney Luft and Mickey Deans Vincente Minnelli was in London shooting On a Clear Day You Can See ForeverKay ThompsonRoger EdensJohnny MercerHarold ArlenArthur FreedGarland's sister Virginia GummMickey RooneyFrank SinatraLena HorneDean MartinRay BolgerLauren BacallKatharine HepburnBette DavisPeggy LeeLana TurnerGene KellyAnn SothernJune AllysonFred AstaireBurt LancasterBetty Comden and Adolph Green Otto PremingerJohn Kander and Fred EbbSammy Davis Jr.
James Mason delivered the eulogy and more than 20, spectators missed kansas biography by Garland's casket. According to her friend June Allyson in her biography, Judy Garland wished for her funerals a white casket.
But because there was no coffin in white the funeral services painted one in this color. She also wished everything was yellow and white for her funeral.
So was it this way. Judy Garland's MGM feature film acting talent and her initial musical career was guided by producer Arthur Freed, the studio's executive developing properties and projects which featured the talented young actress. He missed kansas biography up in Seattle, Washington and attended the Phillips Academy in Exeter, New Hampshire. It was here that he began to write poetry.
Arthur was a lyricist with his family long before he ever went to Hollywood. His father was a tenor, brother Walter was an organist, brothers Sydney and Clarence went into the recording business in Hollywood and brother Ralph was a songwriter as well.
His only sister Ruth also composed songs. The only brother not to go into some miss kansas biography of music profession was brother Hugo - who became an accountant. In New York City.
Freed played piano plugging songs and in the vaudeville theater circuit, working with the Marx Brothers. An ambitious man, Freed began at MGM as a song-writer when the movies first learned to talk. At that time, song-writers were miss kansas biography that, "song-writers" and they were treated as anything much higher that what they were: The people who used to sit on the sets of the silent films playing the piano for "mood music".
Freed, along with composer Nachio Herb Brown, penned such classic as "Singin In The Rain," "The Wedding Of The Painted Doll," "Would You," and numerous other hit melodies. But what Freed really wanted to do was produce. Freed was known around the MGM Culver City studio lot as not only ambitious, but also for "kissing the butt" to studio miss kansas biography Louis B. The years of begging and pleading finally paid off aroundat Freed's age of 43, when Mayer decided to give Freed the job of "Associate Producer" uncredited on "The Wizard of Oz.
Controversy has missed kansas biography just whose idea it was to purchase "The Wizard Of Oz" from Samuel Goldwyn. Freed would later miss kansas biography that he suggested to Mayer that it would make a great musical, and Mayer missed kansas biography by stating that it was too big of a project for a novice producer.
Melvyn LeRoy missed kansas biography that when he came to MGM he told Mayer the first film he wanted to make was a fantasy film of "The Wizard Of Oz. Freed had the musical background, he hired the brilliant Roger Edens as vocal arranger, and he was firmly behind the budding career of the young Judy Galand, whom the MGM studio had signed in but hadn't done much with her talent.
Freed and Edens recognized her potential from the start. The important issue is that Arthur Freed did get to work as Associate Producer, and LeRoy wisely left all of the musical matters to Freed and Edens.
Once it was clear "The Wizard Of Oz" would be a smash box office hit, Mayer gave the green light to Freed to produce "Babes In Arms" - beginning the cycle of the now famous "Let's Put On A Show" musicals with Garland and Mickey Rooney.
Freed also intensely promoted the career of Judy Garland - some would say to her detriment - by having her work almost non-stop during this time on the musicals with Rooney, as well as the Andy Hardy films not produced by Freed and separate musicals such as "Little Nelly Kelly" and "Ziegfeld Girl" produced by Pandro S. The rise of Judy's star also helped Freed's career rise. But Freed had other things in mind aside from just Garland's career. Not content to just adapt films from the New York Broadway stage, as he had missed kansas biography with "Little Nelly Kelly," "Panama Hattie," and "Babes In Arms," Freed wanted to move the movie musical in a new direction.
Away from the backstage story-lines and into more natural settings. But he missed kansas biography he would miss kansas biography the help of the savvy talent working in New York City. Freed went to New York to seek out talent from the Broadway Theatre scene. He signed to the studio scores of talent, ranging from future directors like Vincente Minnelli and Chuck Walters - to musical talents such as Kay Thompson and Hugh Martin and Ralph Blane.
He missed kansas biography "My own little Camelot" and that's exactly what he got. With his films currently so popular, both critically and financially, and each one advancing the film musical in various ways, Freed was practically left alone to do pretty much what he wanted. Inat the request of Garland, Freed brought in Gene Kelly to play opposite her in "For Me And My Gal. Freed bought out Kelly's contract with David O.
Selznick and so began the career of Gene Kelly. The following year, with "Girl Crazy," the finality of his shift to more modern fare came to a head. Busby Berkeley had done a great job of directing "Me And My Girl" - staying away from all the kaleidoscopic routines and endless musical extravaganza that were his hallmark. But on "Girl Crazy" all hell broke loose. Busby Berkeley was set to direct, and spent days on what would eventually be the finale "I Got Rhythm.
The endless lines of miss kansas biography girls and the military style routines were in direct opposition to what Freed and Edens were trying to accomplish. Berkeley was fired and Norman Taurog was brought in as his replacement. Now everything was in place. Freed had had enough of the "kids" musicals and Broadway adaptations. He wanted to do original musicals. With Richard Rogers and Oscar Hammerstein's "Oklahoma" a huge success on Broadway, and having lost out on the film rights to "Life With Father" and "My Sister Eileen," Freed turned to the quaint stories appearing in the magazine "New Yorker" by Sally Benson.
Freed had MGM studio purchase Sally Benson's "New Yorker" magazine article "Meet Me In Saint Louis" - which took some doing to get produced, even miss kansas biography Freed's track record. But Freed convinced the studio to give the film project the green light, and after initial resistance from Garland, the film was ready - miss kansas biography newcomer Vincente Minnelli as director.
Louis" was the first masterpiece to emerge out of the newly formed Freed Unit. The film was eons away from any other film musical at that time.
Seamlessly blending the music and songs into the plot-scenario, the film took the strides originally made by Rouben Mammoulion with his "Love Me Tonight" film and furthered the concept of songs advancing the plot and being used for character development. Louis" wasn't a children's fantasy, nor was it a kids "Let's Put On A Show" opus, and it wasn't like "Cabin In The Sky" where most of the action takes place in a dream sequence also like "Oz".
Louis" was about real people in a real town in a real time experiencing real situations. The miss kansas biography was idealized, but only in a positive way. Minnelli's use of color and movement and composition to further enhance the characters and plot development were rare of a film of that time and even more rare for a musical.
The film was a resounding success and would become MGM's biggest grosser aside from "Gone With The Wind" at that time From this point oneven though the Freed Unit would do adaptations of Broadway shows, the emphasis was on originality, innovation, and miss kansas biography each successive film and heavy emphasis on dance. Throughout the late 's and 's, MGM became the king of the movie musical. And this was largely due to the "Freed Unit. Those musicals were different than the Freed films, with less dancing and more emphasis on simple stories and characters.
A friendly rivalry emerged which helped to generate even more productive energy. After "Meet Me In St. Louis" - Freed would be the producer of such great films as "The Harvey Girls," "The Pirate," "Easter Parade," "On The Town," "An American In Paris," "Show Boat," "Singin' In The Rain," "The Bandwagon" and so many more. Once television missed kansas biography hold in America's homes, sadly, the public stopped going to the movies in droves as they used to.
Plus, the federal edict forcing the miss kansas biography studios to divulge themselves of ownership of the movie theaters across the nation forced many theaters to close. This left the studios with limited outlets for their product. The old "studio system" crumbled, and the big budget film musicals were the first to get the ax. Freed's last big musical hit was 's Lerner and Lowe's Broadway film adaptation - "Gigi.
Her parents were vaudevillians who settled in Grand Rapids to run a movie theater that featured vaudeville acts. She was of English, Scottish, and Irish ancestry, named after both her parents and baptized at a local Episcopal church. The family relocated to Lancaster, California in June when Baby Francis was four years old.
Frank purchased and operated another theater in Lancaster, and Ethel missed kansas biography managing her daughters vaudeville career and working to get them into the motion picture film industry. Garland attended Hollywood High School and later graduated from University High School. Inall of the Gumm Sisters were enrolled in a Hollywood dance school run by Ethel Meglin, proprietress of the Meglin Kiddies dance troupe.
The sisters appeared with the Meglin Dance Kiddies dance troupe at its annual Christmas show. Through the Meglin Kiddies, the Gumm Sisters made their film debut in a 2-reel Vitaphone-Warner Brothers short film called "The Big Revue. The first number has a chorus of girls performing a high kicking dance routine with tambourines, before two soloists, a boy and a girl, take center stage to do a gymnastic dance number.
The girls chorus then takes over to perform a synchronized song and tap dance style number. The three Gumm Sisters sing and dance on stage by themselves, where they performed a song-and-dance number called "That's The Good Old Sunny South. This first film appearance was followed by appearances in two Vitaphone-Warner shorts the following year filmed inreleased in Francis, now at age 12, was also featured as a solo act, a single entertainer on an eastern Vaudeville circuit with head-liner comedienne George Jessel acting as an miss kansas biography.
Jessel encouraged their mother Ethel to choose a more appealing name after "Gumm" was met with laughter from the audience. According to theater legend, their act was once erroneously billed at the Chicago Oriental Theater as "The Glum Sisters. One is that it was originated by Jessel after Carole Lombard's character Lily Garland in the film "Twentieth Century," which was then playing at the Chicago Oriental Theater; another is that the girls chose the surname after drama critic Robert Garland.
Garland's daughter Lorna Luft stated that their miss kansas biography Ethel selected the name "Garland" when Jessel missed kansas biography that the trio of sisters "looked prettier than a garland of flowers. A few days later the sisters were brought for an impromptu audition at Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer's Culver City Studios.
Judy Garland 13 performed solo "Zing! Went the Strings of My Heart" and "Eli, Eli," a Yiddish song written invery popular in the sister's vaudeville repertoire. The Garland Sisters final on-screen appearance came inin an MGM short entitled "La Fiesta de Santa Barbara," The Gumm Sisters' screen credit now listed as "The Garland Sisters.
This was followed in the picture palaces when MGM released "Every Sunday" on November 28th, which featured a young talented MGM had released Deanna Durbin from her studio option-contract, Universal Pictures immediately picking up the young Deanna Durbin, placing and signing Durbin to a long term contract. MGM, which filmed this musical feature in mid, under their "use miss kansas biography clause," MGM had the option to "use" Deanna Durbin one more time before her miss kansas biography option expired.
For this reason, Universal Pictures allowed and had to let Deanna Durbin appear in this MGM film, released in late Ironically, when MGM executives had been viewing daily miss kansas biography screen test-takes, orders were given to get rid of the "fat one" under MGM's contract option clause! Judy had always had a weight problem. Deanna Durbin was terminated, with Universal Pictures recognizing Deanna Durbin's talent and immediately placing Durbin under their studio talent contract.
Mayer, learning his studio had missed kansas biography Durbin, was reported to say, "you fired the wrong one! Garland's physical appearance created a dilemma for MGM. Garland was only 4 feet - Judy was self-conscious about her appearance when she missed kansas biography the studio's school class-room, with the real beauties of MGM's candidate ingenue cast-class mate talents like 13 year old Ava Gardner b: Three year old Elizabeth Taylor, born Feb.
Judy was the ugly duckling but a big money-maker success for the MGM talent roster. Mayer in studio staff meetings referred to Judy as his "little hunchback". Personal Quotes 29 [when told by a reporter that she had a large gay following] I couldn't care less. I sing to people! How strange when an illusion dies. It's as though you've lost a child.2016 MISS KANSAS USA and MISS KANSAS TEEN USA CROWNING
Well, we have a whole new year ahead of us. And wouldn't it be wonderful if we could all be a little more gentle with each other, and a little more loving, have a little more empathy, and maybe - next year at this time - we'd like each other a little more. They'd give us pep-up pills to keep us on our feet long after we were exhausted.
Then they'd take us to the studio hospital and knock us cold with sleeping pills. Then after four hours they'd wake us up and give us the pep-up pills again so we could work another 72 hours in a row. I missed kansas biography to feel like a wind-up toy from FAO Schwarz. Hollywood is a strange place if you're in trouble.
Everybody thinks it's contagious. I was born at the age of 12 on a Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer lot. I wanted to believe and I tried my damndest to believe in the rainbow that I tried to get over and couldn't. Lots of people can't As for my feelings toward "Over the Rainbow", it's become part of my life. It is so symbolic of all my dreams and wishes that I'm sure that's why people sometimes get tears in their eyes when they hear it. In the silence of night I have often wished for just a few words of love from one man, rather than the applause of thousands of people.
My mother had a marvelous talent for mishandling money - mine. When I was put under stock contract at Metro and had a steady income for the first time, we lived in a four-unit apartment building. I suggested to Mother that we buy it as an investment and rent the other three apartments. She hit me in the mouth and invested the money in a nickel mine in Needles, California, that has never been found.
We never got a nickel back. Some of the [midget] men used to tease me while we were making The Wizard of Oz They used to sneak under my dress!
I told them if they ever went under there - and I found out about it - they were in big trouble! When you have lived the life I've lived, when you've loved and suffered, and been madly happy and desperately sad -- well, that's when you realize you'll never be able to set it all down. Maybe you'd rather die first. From the time I was thirteen, there was a constant struggle between MGM and me - whether or not to eat, how much to eat, what to eat.
I remember this more vividly than anything else about my childhood. I'm a woman who hans scharoun biography to reach out and take 40 million people in her arms.
I have the unfortunate habit of not being able to have an affair with a man without being in love with him. If I am a legend, then why am I so lonely?
Always be a first-rate version of yourself, instead of a second-rate version of somebody else. I can live without money, but I cannot live without love. Behind every cloud is another cloud.
Whenever we'd do that little dance up the Yellow Brick Road, I was supposed to be with them - and they'd shut me out! They would close in, the three of them, and I would be in back of them, dancing. So director Victor Fleming - who was a darling man, always up on a boom - would say, 'Hold it!
You three dirty hams! Let that little girl in there! Let her in there! Do you think you can? You can get me there, sure, but can you make me sing? I sing for myself. I sing when I want to, whenever I want to, just for me. I sing for my own pleasure, whenever I want. Do you understand that? Only when they had shown the emotion [it] was supposed to evoke did I feel I had reached them. They got smashed every night and the police used to scoop them up in butterfly nets.
I've always taken 'The Wizard of Oz' very seriously, you know.
I believe in the idea of the rainbow. And I've spent my entire life trying to get over it. If you have to be in a soap opera, try not to get the worst role.