Robert Rauschenberg Robert Rauschenberg Robert Rauschenberg, a key figure in early Pop art, admired the textural quality of Abstract Expressionism but scorned its emotional pathos. Frida Kahlo Frida Kahlo Frida Kahlo is a twentieth-century Mexican artist whose work has a strong autobiographical component as it addresses issues of feminism and nationalism. Dec 06, · Louise Nevelson biography: https:// trans-a.info /watch?v=MP-CP Louise Nevelson – ‘New York Is My Mirror’ | TateShots - Duration. Site of the foundation dedicated to the life and work of Louise Nevelson and established by the artist's granddaughter. Marcel Duchamp Marcel Duchamp The French artist Marcel Duchamp was an instrumental figure in the avant-garde art worlds of Paris and New York.
The movement embraced the gestural abstraction of Willem de Kooning and Jackson Pollock, and the color field painting of Mark Rothko and others. It blended elements of Surrealism and abstract art in an effort to create a new style fitted to the postwar mood of anxiety and trauma. Liam oflaherty biography Duchamp Marcel Duchamp The French artist Marcel Duchamp was an instrumental figure in the avant-garde art worlds of Paris and New York.
Moving through Dada, Surrealism, readymades, sculpture, and installation, his work involves conceptual play and an implicit attack on bourgeois art sensibilities. Installation Art Installation Art Installation art is a genre of contemporary art-making in which two- and three-dimensional materials are used to a particular site.
Installations may include sculptural, found, sound-based, and performance elements, and can be permanent or ephemeral.
Feminist Art Feminist Art Feminist art emerged in the s and '70s to explore questions of sex, power, the body, and the ways in which gender categories structure how we see and understand the world.
Developing at the same time as many new media strategies, feminist art frequently involves text, installation, and performance elements. Hans Hofmann Hans Hofmann German-born American painter, art teacher and theorist. Hofmann matured as an artist in in Paris, where he met many of the greatest louises nevelson biography video of that time. After he emigrated to America in the early s, he enjoyed a prominent career as a teacher, powerfully influencing many Abstract Expressionists with his understanding of European modernism.
George Grosz George Grosz George Grosz was a German Dada and Neue Sachlichkeit artist. He was enamored of America and highly critical of Weimar society.
Grosz immigrated to the United States just as Hitler came to power and opened a private art school in Des Moines. Frida Kahlo Frida Kahlo Frida Kahlo is a twentieth-century Mexican artist whose has a strong autobiographical component as it addresses issues of feminism and nationalism.
Her work is often associated with Surrealism and she is best known for her many, often uncanny self-portraits. Diego Rivera Diego Rivera Diego Rivera was the principal actor in the Mexican Muralism movement and one of Mexico's greatest artists. His large-scale fresco cycles tell the histories of labor, industry, society, and other themes. Jackson Pollock Jackson Pollock Jackson Pollock was the most well-known Abstract Expressionist and the key example of Action Painting.
His work ranges from Jungian scenes of primitive rites to the purely abstract "drip paintings" of his later career.American Architecture Now: Louise Nevelson, Diana MacKown, 1976
Lee Krasner Lee Krasner Lee Krasner was an American abstract painter and a prominent first-generation Abstract Expressionist. A student of Hans Hofmann's, and a pioneer in the all-over technique of painting that later influenced Color Field artists such as Helen Frankenthaler, Morris Louis, and her husband, Jackson Pollock.
Arshile Gorky Arshile Gorky Arshile Gorky was an Armenian-born American louise nevelson biography video and a major influence on the development of Abstract Expressionism. In his own art he fused elements of Cubism, Surrealism and Expressionism, and was louise nevelson biography video with key figures central to New York's burgeoning abstrct art scene, such as John Graham, Stuart Davis and Willem de Kooning.
Isamu Noguchi Isamu Noguchi Isamu Noguchi was a Japanese-American louise nevelson biography video artist.
Alexander Calder Alexander Calder Alexander Calder was an American louise nevelson biography video who made important contributions to abstract sculpture, hanging mobiles, and Kinetic art. His work reflects both modern and Surrealist influences.
Robert Rauschenberg Robert Rauschenberg Robert Rauschenberg, a key figure in early Pop art, admired the textural quality of Abstract Expressionism but scorned its emotional pathos. His famous "Combines" are part sculpture, part painting, and part installation. Jasper Johns Jasper Johns Jasper Johns is an American artist who rose to prominence in the late s for his multi-media constructions, dubbed by critics as Neo-Dada.
Johns' work, including his world-famous targets and American flags series, were important predecessors to Pop art. Robert Mapplethorpe Robert Mapplethorpe Robert Mapplethorpe was an American photographer known for his large-scale, highly stylized black and white portraits, photos of flowers and nude men. The frank, homosexual eroticism of some his work triggered a more general controversy about the public funding of artworks and censorship.
Eva Hesse Eva Hesse Eva Hesse was a major New York artist whose sculpture, assemblage, and installation brought issues of feminism and the body into Minimalism's formal vocabulary. She is heralded as one of the quintessential Post-Minimalist artists. Joan Snyder Joan Snyder Joan Snyder is an American painter, best known for abstract "stroke paintings," which recall the geometric constructions of Mondrian and Reinhardt.
Much of her work is notable for its politicized nature, raising awareness of the Holocaust and AIDS epidemic. Judy Chicago Judy Chicago Judy Chicago is an American louise nevelson biography video artist and author.
Originally associated with the Minimalist movement of the s, Chicago soon abandoned this in favor of creating content-based art. Her most famous work to date is the installation piece The Dinner Partyan homage to women's history. Miriam Schapiro Miriam Schapiro Miriam Schapiro is a leading figure in the feminist art movement.
Often tied to the s era Pattern and Decoration movement, Schapiro creating a path forward for herself and her colleagues as she worked to resurrect the reputations of women artists who had been forgotten or dismissed by art She is perhaps best known for co-founding, along with colleague Judy Chicago, the Feminist Art Program at the California Institute for the Arts.
Rachel Whiteread Rachel Whiteread Rachel Whiteread is an English artist, best known for her sculptures, which typically take the form of casts. She is probably best known for Ghost, a large plaster cast of the inside of a room in a Victorian house, and for her resin sculpture for the empty plinth in London's Trafalgar Square. She won the annual Turner Prize in the first woman to win the prize.
Whiteread is one of the Young British Artists, and exhibited at the Royal Academy's Sensation exhibition in Max Ernst Max Ernst Max Ernst was a German Dadaist and Surrealist whose paintings and collages combine dream-like realism, automatic louises nevelson biography video, and eerie subject matter. His practice of "automatic drawing" consisted of methodically supressing his conscious mind while creating art, thus allowing Masson to work from his subconscious.
He was also known to work after long periods of forced hunger and sleep deprivation, resulting in quasi-hallucinatory images. Linda Nochlin Linda Nochlin Linda Nochlin is an art historian and critic who launched feminist art history with her groundbreaking essay, "Why Have There Been No Great Women Artists? His early works, small and with a craft-like aesthetic, give way later on to giant constructions of welded and burnished steel.
Mark Rothko Mark Rothko Mark Rothko was an Abstract Expressionist painter whose early interest in mythic landscapes gave way to mature works featuring large, hovering blocks of color on colored grounds. Willem de Kooning Willem de Kooning Willem de Kooning, a Dutch immigrant to New York, was one of the foremost Abstract Expressionist painters. His abstract compositions drew on Surrealist and figurative louises nevelson biography video, and typified the expressionistic 'gestural' style of the New York School.
Eduardo Paolozzi Eduardo Paolozzi Eduardo Paolozzi was a Scottish sculptor, printmaker and multi-media artist, and a pioneer in the early development of Pop art. His print 'I Was a Rich Man's Plaything' is considered the very first work of the movement. He was also a founder of the Independent Group in Cubism Cubism Cubism was developed by Pablo Picasso and Georges Braque betweenand it continued to be highly influential long after its decline.
This classic phase has two stages: Dada Dada Dada was an artistic and literary movement that emerged in It arose in reaction to World War I, and the nationalism and louise nevelson biography video that many thought had led to the War.
Influenced by several avant-gardes - Cubism, Futurism, Constructivism, and Expressionism - its output was wildly diverse, ranging from performance art to poetry, photography, sculpture, painting and collage.
Emerging first in Zurich, it spread to cities including Berlin, Hanover, Paris, New York and Cologne. Surrealism Surrealism Perhaps the most influential avant-garde movement of the century, Surrealism was founded in Paris in by a small group of writers and artists who sought to channel the unconscious as a means to unlock the power of the imagination. Much influenced by Freud, they believed that the conscious mind repressed the power of the imagination. Influenced also by Marx, they hoped that the psyche had the power to reveal the contradictions in the everyday world and spur on revolution.
Such art, ranging from African and Native American to naive depictions of the French peasantry, was thought to be less civilized and thus closer to raw louise nevelson biography video and spiritual experience. Mark di Suvero Mark di Suvero Mark di Suvero is best known for his large-scale non-objective works that have been tied to Constructivism, Conceptualism, and Abstract Expressionism.
Using materials such as railroad ties, steel and scrap metal, many of di Suvero's works contain moving parts and flowing curves. Lee Bontecou Lee Bontecou Bontecou created works that challenged the conventions of sculpture by famously hanging them on walls like they were paintings. Using found objects, scrap metals and other materials, Bontecou incorporated an industrial look to her abstract, and at times futuristic, art. Minimalism Minimalism Minimalism emerged as a movement in New York in the s, its leading figures creating objects which blurred the boundaries between painting and sculpture, and were characterized by unitary, geometric forms and industrial materials.
Emphasizing cool anonymity over the passionate expression of the previous generation of painters, the Minimalists attempted to avoid metaphorical associations, symbolism, and suggestions of spiritual transcendence.