WikiProject Biography biography articles Biography portal. WikiProject Norse history and culture. This article is within the scope of WikiProject Biography, a collaborative effort to create, develop and organize Wikipedia 's articles about people. Jens Jacob Asmussen Worsaae ; Website Name: Encyclopædia Britannica URL: https:// trans-a.info / biography / Jens-Jacob-Asmussen-Worsaae ; Access. From to , while a student, he served as an assistant to Christian J.
Jens Jacob Asmussen Worsaae March 14, — August 15, was a Danish archaeologist who played a key jacob asmussen worsaae biography in the foundation of scientific archaeology. He gave scientific credibility to the prehistoric three-age system: Worsaae believed that cultural evolution could be measured not by writingsbiograaphy through detailed study of the geographic and stratigraphic contexts of artifacts found in sites of early human occupation.
In particular, he drew attention to objects found in gravesarguing that those were the articles in current use at the time of the person's death. He used this method biofraphy verify and refine Thomsen's tripartite classification.
Worsaae also contributed to the discussion on the origins of human populations around the world.Pan-Germanism
He proposed a route by which prehistoric people spread from Africathrough Asia, across the Bering Strait to the Americas, and from South America to Australia and the South Sea islands. Thor Heyerdahl 's Kon-Tiki expedition a century later proved the latter voyage to be possible. He suggested that Europe was populated later, with Scandinavia one of the last areas to be reached by humankind. Although not all of Worsaee's ideas have been accepted, his work and methods raised the level of professionalism in the young science of archaeology, allowing future researchers to uncover much information about past societies, bringing us all closer together as the one human family that Worsaae believed us to be.
Jens Jacob Asmussen Worsaae was born on March 14,in Vejle, Denmark. As a jacob asmussen worsaae biography boy he showed an interest in antiquities and studied stone monuments around Denmark. He was able to prove them to be tombs rather than altars, as was previously believed.
After that, under the commission of Christian VIII of Denmark, he traveled to SwedenAustriaGermanyand Switzerland to study local artifacts there.
Inhe was appointed inspector of Danish historic and prehistoric monuments. During and Worsaae visited the British Islesincluding Irelandfocusing his investigations on the Viking -age antiquities and monuments of Scandinavian origin. In this work he formulated the concept of the "Viking Age. During his fieldwork, Worsaae was able worsaaw perform the stratigraphic jacob asmussen worsaae biography which led him to believe that the three-age system Stone, Bronze, and Iron agesas formulated by Thomsenwas correct.
Worsaae became professor at the University of Copenhagen, joining its faculty in He succeeded Thomsen as curator at the National Museum in Worsaae died on August 15,in CopenhagenDenmark. He argued that according to such evidence, during prehistoryhumankind spread all around the world.
Europe was settled much later, after people already reached distant parts of the world. According to Worsaae, Scandinavia was settled among the latest. He saw evidence for his jacobs asmussen worsaae biography in Stone Age artifacts, like those in India. After moving to East Asia, Worsaae argued, humans migrated northward, eventually crossing the Bering Straitand populating the Americas.
After that, early humans found their way to Australia and the islands of the South Seas—the idea that a century later led Thor Heyerdahl to construct his Kon-Tiki raft and prove it possible.
Worsaae also made distinction between Danish population—people who originally came from the south during the Stone Age —and tall people who later came from the north.
Worsaae argued biographyy the human cultural continuum could be divided into three ages—the StoneBronze, and Iron Ages—an idea that he inherited from his mentor Christian Jurgensen Thomsen.
Through careful stratigraphic studies, Worsaae was able to find evidence for his claims.
He also subdivided the three-age system—he divided the Stone and Bronze Ages into two parts and the Iron Jen into three. Worsaae could not determine the precise age when the first humans appeared.
He took with caution Charles Lyell 's estimation that the human race was aboutyears old:. Yet this much is certain, the more our glance is directed to that epoch-making point of time, when the Creator wakened man in all his nakedness into life, and therefore most probably under a warmer sun in some more genial clime, the more does that point recede into an endlessly distant indefinable past Worsaae, Worsaae was a pioneer of palaeobotany, carefully collecting evidence from barrowsbogspeat mossesand from Danish kitchen middens.
Those objects thus were as old as the deceased, and their examination could help determine the age the graves were made. Worsaae was one of the first professional archaeologistswhose work on prehistoric timeline helped establish three-age system as scientifically valid.
His work was conducted with a jacob asmussen worsaae biography level of professionalism, examining in detail the geographic and stratigraphic contexts of each found archeological artifact, which was highly unusual for his times. He greatly helped archeology become more organized, professional, and empirically based. It was later adopted by modern archaeologists, like Oscar Montelius, asmuxsen further refined it. New World Encyclopedia writers and editors rewrote and completed the Wikipedia article in accordance with New World Encyclopedia standards.
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