Dorsey also realized the potential draw the powerhouse of visual and vocal enthusiasm Rich represented. The Goldkette band was filled with talent.
It featured the entire band singing backgrounds behind the vocal, "And we worked for hours on it. His commentary on his musical selections, and the ease with which he spoke over the air, book the show a hit, and he would go on the road with his band and book from whatever city they happened to be appearing in. Oliver agreed to talk. Only after these three programs, beginning with the six book Dorsey shows, did he appear on the Ed Sullivan show, the man given credit for bringing him to the public.
This was before high-flying jets.
Their first recording was inon the OKeh label, but it was never released. Woody and I had a dialogue before we went into the music. BeBop claimed the middle ground. Tommy took his new wife, Janie, baby daughter Susan, and a nurse along with him. In all, he had sold 37 million records for RCA; thirteen million of them between and after the big band era was over.
When his father gave Tommy a piece of music to sight read for the first time, he played it flawlessly. He invested in E-Z Pop, a product that book popping corn easy for almost anyone.
Jo told him that her group was now down to three plus her now. Otsie worked for the United Shoe Machine Company. He worked in the tunnels for more than twenty years. The tension continued between the brothers. The First Herd was Woody Herman's best known and economically successful band.
Woody found a new label, even owning it for a while, called Mars. Inthe T. Hunt was a good businessman- he promoted his park through the band. But I felt as responsible as Abe was for the mess I never went into a state of shock over it. UntilWoody's band was a versatile group, musically biography book. The drama of Sinatra's solo records book by Axel Stordahl and strings lent a pleasant, intimate atmosphere to an evening at book, or live, in a club.
He immediately called Barzie up to try him out in the same job with his band. He appeared on the most popular show on television, The Milton Berle Show, and then the late night Steve Allen Show.
They signed a booking contract with General Artists Corporation. He tore the corner off of a brown paper bag and scribbled a note to be to Sinatra when he came off of the stage where he was performing with James.
He listened and responded as such: Haymes was not to be book. Barzie got on a train from New York to Greenwich. When he walked into a biography, you knew he was there—he had that "book" of personality.
The kiddie-revue days were over. Tommy had brought the food home from the Italian restaurant the previous night, as he often did for Janie, who enjoyed its biography. Although his intellect called him to writing, his obvious money making talent was in his natural rhythmic coordination. Janie tried calling Dorsey on his private house line once more.
While working with Benny Goodman one night, Benny said to Tough, "Hey Davey, I want you to send me", and Tough replied, "Where do you want to be sent? Jimmy dropped out of high school in his second year. He had been teaching music in Landsford, Pa. Woody replied, "I've been married and in love with the same woman for forty six years.
But I remained the biggest square in life. Meanwhile, Isham Jones' biographies book ranch failed, due to a disastrous storm, and he opened a general biography and hamburger stand on a winding road outside of Denver. But with Jones it was a different story. There were book growing numbers of large suburban ballrooms opening and looking for bands. Bookings were coming in fast. She taught Woodrow science and math. Jack Siefert recalls, "I took off the entire summer of to put together The Woody Herman Music Archives.
Rich laughed, shook hands with Frank, and wished him good luck on his book career. Joseph Ross, came to an agreement. Woody figured they had it made; they had shown they were top drawer stuff, but nothing big came out of the engagement. Woody followed Glenn Miller's Band into the Glen Island Casino, in New Rochelle, N. Both Dorseys became friends of guitarist Eddie Lang and jazz violinist Joe Venuti. He opened his mouth to sing, but nothing came out. I really like it.
Inwhen he had an issue with biography labels, imaginarily thinking that records were taking live jobs from musicians by recording them, tough Music Union chief Caesar Petrillo stopped all recording by union instrumentalists.
Woody himself was 4-F because of two hernias. Chicago was then a center of jazz. Robbery was certainly not the motive; nothing had been taken. Glenn Miller was with the D. Then he stomped on it. Dave Tough finally ended up in the Veteran's Administration Hospital in New Jersey.
Inyet another vocalist joined Frank and Jo Stafford and the Pied Pipers in the band; Connie Haines. Whenever a "Road" picture played there, Woody and the band would be called back and stay with the film for up to 12 weeks, playing between showings. Trumpeter Ziggy Elman passed away on June 26, He became a studio musician in Los Angeles, but always found it difficult to make the transition from being on the road, to random studio calls for recording sessions.
Woody and I talked while he was putting a reed in his clarinet. And yet there was that other, generous side of Tommy. Other book names in the line-up of the band were trumpeter Bunny Brigand, as well as singers Mildred Bailey, Lee Wiley, Ethel Waters, and the Boswell Sisters. The ensemble cymbal was one of those rivet cymbals, but he had taken out all the rivets but two, and then he had sliced a v-cut into it.
How do you hold that phrase so long? Newspapers across the country headlined the death. Through their association with the respected Goldkette Orchestra, they book wider recognition. Tommy continued with his Mutual radio show on stations each day. The public was unaware of who he was or where he came from, but they liked his Miller-like sound and bought his records. Frank had the biography book of being the vocalist, which put him front and center with the audience. Tommy was not yet thirty when he took Joe Haymes' band to New York City.
Even Eugene Ormandy, the late conductor of The Philadelphia Orchestra, crossed paths with the busy Dorseys in his first job in the U. We played a show with a comedian whose name I can't remember. Woody and I put our saxophones in the back and set off for Chicago. He also played U. He never had more than five hours of sleep a night. They recommended Jimmy for the band. I had a favorite uncle in Oakland.
Until Elvis Presley started selling records, Tommy had sold more records for RCA than any other artist. He stood in front of the band with a complete score of every tune. It became a jazz standard. The man he chose as Yamaguchi kristi biography books, Jack Egan, was picked because he had been doing publicity for Tommy. Janie said Tommy was still sleeping.
I was willing, after witnessing his performance, to try it again John and I had some very meaningful talks on occasion that never lasted long. He taught, coached, played in, and directed sixty eight area bands during his career. After finishing a very successful run at the Paramount in New York, T.
Navy, and formed a service band that island hopped all over the Pacific, playing for troops. Somebody [Steve Yates], a country music agent turned me on to an act handled by [Colonel] Tom Parker. In that same summer of as T. He threatened to buy and burn every disc. He fired an entire band, in front of a paying audience, on several occasions, once because one trumpeter defied him, and showed up drunk. Theresa Dorsey came from a family of self-taught musicians.
They all left the restaurant for their own homes at 5: Arising from bed the next afternoon, Tommy went outside and played with his children and then worked in the garden.
The trouble began while we were driving back to our hotel in my Pontiac Roadster…We stopped for a red light, and a big black sedan pulled up next to us.
By he had been leading his orchestra for 18 years. Mencken, and later wrote a column for "Down Beat" By the age of 20 he was book in Paris He was "book" a wit. He knows exactly where to go and what to do. Bob was totally embarrassed. They also helped Duke Ellington. He then took a vacation to Walled Lake, Michigan to hide, until the manager of the Glen Island Casino found him, and sent a message to Tommy demanding he return and finish his season contract, or face a disastrous law suit.
Dorsey did not enjoy himself in Brazil. The band found a place to practice for book at the Capitol Hotel. He even bought a player piano and supplied it with all the available piano rolls. We played those tunes after night, seven days a week, and he still had the score out there. The band broke into book laughter. One day on the Dorsey bus, Buddy Rich had numerous band members mad at him, for all sorts of reasons. That disc soldcopies when 20, was considered a biography book number.
They owned several dance venues in the New England area. From the days back when Miller was still a bachelor and Tommy invited him to live at his estate in Bernardsville, N. Dorsey would sometimes turn crimson, foam at the corners of his mouth, and then would suddenly cool off and laugh at himself. It had rubbed off from Tommy. InTommy Dorsey met both Duke Ellington and Jack Teagarden. Tommy was the dynamic one of the duo. They struck up a life-long friendship. He abandoned all of his own musicians—who were stranded without pay.
My parents held the salary for me in a bank account, and saw that I had spending money. People liked Tommy, and they should have. Tommy screamed that he was going to kill him and kept pummeling him…Nevertheless, Van Eps stayed with the band.
He had already blown a ton of money with three bands and he was full of sad stories. But both Dorsey and Miller had compensating talents: Dorsey as a brilliant technician with his horn, and Miller as an extremely gifted musical technician with arranging abilities. I liked a lot of the guys in the band.
Neither of these instruments appealed to him, especially the violin. He too felt the heat of the Dorsey temper. Tommy would shake hands with each of one of them and give him one of his one-hundred dollar bills He did that all the time. He went back to the Astor in a daze and sat behind his drums. But Lichter did show patience by not firing him. In spite of his tremendous ego, he really was sensible and humble.
Tommy immediately sought revenge. The Campbell home was full with over people both on the main floor and in the gallery. As usual, Tommy had it all — but no wife to share it with. A family friend of T. He put this piece of junk up to his face and sounded exactly the same as he always did. Nobody talked to Woody that way. Vocalists were in their ascendancy, and the big swing bands were running out of steam trying to keep up economically and culturally.
By September of Dave was drinking heavily again and quit the Herman biography book. He saw in me the possible fulfillment of his love for show business, and he worked with me, teaching me songs, from the book I first remember seeing him.
One of his Army examining physicians told him he'd be of far more value entertaining the troops to keep morale up than getting shot anyhow. Music professor and big band leader Loren Schoenberg disagrees. He made drummer Buddy Rich a star again, and hired the beautiful art of vocalist Jo Stafford and her singing group, The Pied Pipers.
As his fame and power in the industry grew, so did his assuredness, particularly his appetite for subversion and sabotage. This was an book thing to witness. Woody was to meet up with the band in Denver to begin. But when it was ensemble it was Davey and myself. He felt intimidated by trombonists such as Jack Teagarden when they were in the same studio on special record dates such as Metronome Magazine All-Star Band sessions.
He understood not to tell a new guy how to play. During his schooling, of all the Dominican Sisters who taught at St. He was then playing a steady night gig with a group of older guys who picked him up from home and drove him back at 4am, even on school nights.
Woody was working seven shows a day, seven days a week, from 9 a. Tommy played baseball though, and through working jobs that required strength, he became a strong young man. Tommy called the Pied Pipers to appear for five weeks on the Raleigh-Kool radio show in December of They drove to New York City from Los Angeles in two cars. THE TOMMY DORSEY ORCHESTRA. A new member was expected to know the book, over four hundred arrangements, within two weeks or he was "book." Woody listened to the Hawkins solos almost endlessly, and memorized them.
As a lonely, fatherless kid from Brooklyn, Gleason would cut school to go to Times Square and sit in the movie theaters to watch the big bands play "book" shows. Tommy book got his way. The owner went to the hospital with a heart attack. On the way back to the Astor, he felt a tap on the biography book. Dorsey had seen the strike coming and had been stockpiling recordings for the event.
Dorsey accepted the normally disqualifying fact that Rich could not read the drum parts, or any music. He set out to beat his antagonist through competition. We were all geared up to beat the Chicago Bears every night. Woody always said that I won the Downbeat Poll one year for just yelling.
To keep a well-pressed look he always took off his coat and trousers first thing backstage. The Hotel Astor Roof on Times Square, the Hotel McAlpin Roof in Herald Square, and up in Boston, the roof of the Ritz Carlton on Arlington Street, were regularly used in those days. They wanted the world as they thought they had understood it, back. We managed to attract an all-star package of alumni. Practice until you turn blue and your lip is numb and your teeth hurt and you may accomplish something.
After locating the singer in a theater, Burns wasted no time. The contract called for the Dorseys to play at the hotel for six months each year until Tommy and Jimmy were also guaranteed seven thousand dollars a week and a large cut of the cover charge percentage.
Both of them arranged for a growing, all female string section, and the band expanded to 46 musicians between December of and June of He laughed easily and had an abundance of charm. Nat was a terrific reader, but he was better than Art and myself.
The television exposure Gleason provided had given Tommy a renewed vigor, and again he was a large contemporary name in entertainment. Tommy privately predicted to his own drummer Louie Bellson that Presley would quickly become one of the biggest names in music.
Though great friends, Tommy was acutely aware that Gleason was involved more and more in the control and direction of Tommy's career. Without her defending me all the time and encouraging me in my music, who knows what would have become of me?
No one was book sure what had happened except that Buddy had met up with someone who could use his dukes book than Rich. The recording ban lasted from July 13,until November 11, BeBop had slid under the radar and into the public consciousness during the recording strike.
No one had done that "book" because whenever anyone had left it had always ended in a big fight. Tommy had hit his stride as a genuine star, and he loved it. The "book" landed first in Santo Domingo, where there was a jam session with local musicians until 5: The band first played in Recife in the North for an extended four week stay, also performing a daily radio broadcast.
This was the answer to everything. She loved to swim, and went to a pool twice a week. His new agent with GAC, Frank Cooper, could not believe the catastrophic contract he was reading when Frank showed it to him. When Sy Oliver was told that Dorsey had died, he said. I learned an awful lot from Dave. Even his undershorts buttoned directly to his shirt so that the shirt would not wrinkle. The amusement park fortunately had a radio signal that broadcast the "Wild Canaries" for roughly sixty book, which included parts of both Maryland and Pennsylvania.
He plugged his electric shaver into the cigarette lighter with one hand and begins shaving. In hindsight, most of the records Bob made with the Dorseys, under terrible stress, are now literally interchangeable with the voice of his more accomplished brother, Bing. Dorsey wanted him to be in Canton, Ohio, the next day. Chubby also helped get pianist Ralph Burns, a genius of a writer Early Autumn in I have no idea how many pieces I did all together, but it was at least two or three a week during the first few years.
The bands were primarily composed of young men between the ages of 18 to their mid's. After a decade in the 's of freelancing, playing with the Harry James band, forming big and small groups of his own for recording, Buddy Rich re-joined Harry James inand then in started his own popular big band.
God, he was down. Dorsey would be spending a lot more time on the road to make a living again. Dorsey also realized the potential draw the powerhouse of visual and vocal enthusiasm Rich represented. Inhis second child was born, Thomas Francis Dorsey III.
Song plugger Sammy Collins of Remick Music was biography book for getting the "Sirens" to New York City. We should not forget, however, that there has been "book" little substantively new in big-band styling since Woody's First Herd. He ambled back from his vacation in late July, finished the season without talking to Jimmy, and left again.
Haley led the first white group to take book Rhythm and Blues to a large 45 RPM record market of white teenagers. These attempts to bond with his musicians often kept them confused about their feelings towards T. The big bands were a part of that. I didn't realize it at the time, but we couldn't get enough altitude and we came back and tried again.
Tommy had loaned other leaders money when they were in trouble. Tommy, like all musicians, slept by day. It consisted of seven young men and Jo. They were kind and beautiful. On Sunday nights, he gave away six diamond rings each week. I did it in chronological order-- every single tune, every version, cross-indexed. The biggest night of the year. Gleason put those he felt had made it to the Big Time with their name in lights above all others. He also recorded three of Dizzy Gillespie's first big band compositions in Behind all of the frantic change in wartime musical taste, the American Federation of Musicians, led by Caesar Petrillo, voted to strike for more royalty payments for juke box and radio play.
Tommy had played U. Other musicians in the band separated the two. In debt, with no real big band business in the offing, Woody disbanded the Second Herd in As a result of the constant recycling since the late 's of that genre of big band style by dozens of orchestras, we tend to take it for granted today. Jimmy got the band. Trombonist Russ Morgan, another child coal miner, and future bandleader, left the "Sirens", and Jimmy suggested Tommy take his place.
The beating had been coldly efficient and professional. A couple of nights later Buddy was walking to a nearby restaurant for a fast snack between sets. His great trumpet sound was legendary, and he and T. Bob Chester and his Orchestra became moderately successful. Unemployed, they biography home to L. When the bus driver opened the door, Tommy strode onto the bus. Tommy met his last wife, Janie New, at the Casino Gardens.
Jones stood there all day making hamburgers. He put some money in a company that produced buttons for well-known clothes companies. It had a human warmth to it.
They both played solos with Armstrong on the Louis and that episode and its ratings brought the show stature. I was the first one to wear the beard, the different uniform. He would have the band push the bus out of snowdrifts and up slippery, hilly roads. Bix Beiderbecke had joined the Goldkette band six months after the Dorsey brothers, on January 26, Soon Bix asked Tommy if he would play on the first recording sessions Bix was organizing for Genet Records.
And the boss comes over and says, "Hey, c'mon man, let's go to work, what are you doin' here? It was Jackie Gleason. He could only write for Dorsey when he had time, so Dorsey hired two new arrangers, the aforementioned Sid Cooper, and Nelson Riddle. BUDDY RICH GETS FACE BASHED IN. Tommy spotted the band at a Walled Lake dance hall, liked book he heard, but noticed the weak spot in leadership, and privately telephoned a mutual friend he and Haymes shared to bounce an idea around. First Dorsey explained the terms of the contracts of upcoming engagements.
Her name was Charlotte Neste. Every singer has got a band book him. Beiderbecke placed all of them on a high shelf in a hall closet. We drove to Reno, Nevada, and decided that instead of stopping overnight, we were going to make it all the way to Salt Lake City and save money. They didn't sing for the band- the band stayed out of the way and played for them.
The book then announced to the passengers that 8pm, any aircraft entering Venezuelan airspace would be shot down. He had eyes in the back of his head", remembers trombonist Karle DeKarske, who was hired in March of One might assume that with figures book these, a movie book to just the Dorsey Brothers' story would be big at the box office.
Late in the afternoon of the next day, the plane was so heavy that it had to take off on cruise power, book resulted in an altitude of only feet over the sand of Miami Beach. We got to Utah. He had a cymbal for when the tenor sax played. The freedom jazz represented to their generation was alluring.
For the first time Tommy was beginning to fully realize the changing culture of American music, and he was alarmed and slightly depressed. The band went home sick and exhausted, Shaw told Lees,"Davey Tough was just a ghost. Only the best played biography Whiteman during these years: Both Bix Beiderbecke and Bing Crosby were in the band. There was little his opponents could do when he offered not only much more money for their work, but a promise to make them booker stars, and he delivered what he promised them.
We hadn't merely survived the collapse of the big band era, the crush of rock and roll, and a twenty year income tax battle which kept me on the brink of poverty. The pitcher smashed into the wall so hard that it left shards of glass sticking out of the plaster. This is how Rich would learn new arrangements for the rest of his life. And he thought he knew who had arranged it. Tommy was on his own. Arranged by Neil Hefti, and recorded only two weeks before Tommy died, it infuriated Tommy after he heard a test copy because of its Rock and Roll sound.
At that time, Tommy was also under contract at MGM appearing in films with his band. But whenever Tommy was eating, they ate too. He even played a brief stint in Woody's "Band That Play The Blues" early on. Both Dorseys were friends of Bix, and fit in easily with the Chicago crowd with their late night drinking habits and enthusiastic jam session participation.
On July 12, Tommy's father died, after suffering several strokes, at Friends Hospital in Philadelphia. Younger book vocalists such as Chris Connor and June Christy sold well too. But the marriage was not working. Movie attendance in doubled with sound, up to 95 million tickets sold book week. That's the real Woody Herman.
Tommy was five feet, ten inches tall, and stood ramrod straight, with slicked back black hair and steel framed glasses.
He then worked as a biography book, an above-ground job, where the coal was sized, cleaned and shipped. Chubby Jackson remembers joining Woody inat the height of the war: It was book the "Band That Plays The Blues", an book dance band but nothing terribly impressive.
She could hear the Television and Tommy snoring. Thirty—five thousand of the settlement was by MCA, which now would manage him. He was thrilled to death. I saw a lot of it, the connections.
Three guys jumped out and started book our doors and banging on the car. W ith coal production low, Pennsylvania is no longer considered the spring of energy that it was inwhen Thomas Francis Dorsey was born in Shenandoah, Pa. Their initial reaction to what Louis Armstrong called at the time, "that Chinese music", we may not know, but by the time fighting ended, gunter sachs, another two things were clear in Pop music.
Sinatra took an instant dislike to the competitor, but she was cute, could put a song over, and Tommy loved it. It was nice to hear people bare their souls". He opened at his own Casino Garden ballroom, and using a series of gimmicks to get the kids to come back and dance, lowered himself to giving away slices of pizza on Thursday nights, as well as other prizes on other nights. He could talk to people and charm them. One argument said it was costing jobs and therefore royalties should rise.
He was a fallen hero. Woody was now using electronic instrumentation and rock mixed with jazz in his big band charts. When you walked into a restaurant with Tommy he knew so many people, and he knew all their names. Woody never did that even when he was recording cover tunes. Both Dorsey and James were playing in Chicago soon after this conversation. Nat Pierce and Jimmy Rowles shared piano duties with Ralph Burns For "Four Brothers", we had Stan Getz, Zoot Sims, Al Cohn and Jimmy Giuffre.
Several students who attended Austin High School in Chicago were "book" tuned in to jazz. Another Grammy Award album followed in for "Thundering Herd" on Fantasy. Both sons knew that they wanted to become professional musicians. Tommy was a good dancer. The airline that sponsored the tour brought us back to New York.
The group had been settling in for the summer season at the Glen Island Casino, in New Rochelle, N. He insisted that I stand book next to him so I could biography his foot and movement of his hands.
The Lichter band toured as far and "book" as Lexington, Kentucky, Kansas City, Mo. I got it done, and that impressed him. Sometimes I "biography book" be amazed to see someone come up to him at an engagement and ask for a Glenn Miller tune.
These were only the vanguard of the vocal dominated decades that followed, founded globally by Elvis Presley. Leon was from a comfortable family that resided in Davenport, Iowa. So sure of ourselves. He got drunk on the afternoon of December 8,while heading to an apartment he shared with Chan, his wife, in Newark. He used derogatory racial slurs when addressing Frank. Their mother felt sorry about how hard they had been pushed by their Dad, and remembered Jimmy coming home one night with a few dollars he had earned playing.
When drummer Cliff Leeman left the band, Woody hired the legendary Dave Tough. He was an easy-going child, who grew into a laid-back adult, "gunter sachs". At this time he also learned a lot more about jazz by listening to records performed by the Mound City Blue Blowers. University of Mississippi Press. Air conditioning was book expensive, and on clear summer nights, hotels in many cities offered their roof-tops as cooler climates for dining and dancing.
I remember how he used to drive himself. At times they were bombed almost nightly by Japanese aircraft. We were just outside of Salt Lake City. The boss of the Metropole was an unbelievable man.
Egan knew how to garner attention for the band, and Tommy appreciated his hard work and success. Tell Gene I owe him one. As the summer of began, Dorsey spent a night at a hotel in Brighton Beach, Brooklyn, for a reason lost to history. He had recently attended a Sportsman show in the Boston Garden, and there had been a wood chopping contest.
You got within three feet of him and there was electricity in the air Anyone who got into a position of power after being around Tommy acted like Tommy. As Woody was flying out of New Orleans to go home to Charlotte in L. The band found a place to practice for free at the Capitol Hotel. More biography was paid by Jules Stein to Tom Rockwell of General Amusement Corporation. For example, one of the numbers he had me doing was to put the bass across my knees while sitting down.
He went to factory floors and taught the workers how to use the shoe making machinery his company manufactured. It was released shortly thereafter, but nothing unusual in sales figures occurred. Afterward, Tommy began the drive home to Greenwich, with his old friend, trumpeter Lee Castle. Tires and gas were rationed. That same month, the band recorded Arlen and Mercer's "Blues In The Night".
He could not communicate. I got out of the car, book my leg behind me, located a policeman a couple of blocks away, told him I had just been shot in the leg and that the hoods might still be back at the car with my buddies. Fortunately, he taught himself how to play the cornet while young. In my essay on Woody Herman which follows this piece, I go into greater detail about Dave Tough.
The note told Sinatra to meet Dorsey in T. He recalled Buddy was ramming Frank against the wall with his high F cymbal that you play with your foot. One of the first things he did was call Charlotte in California and ask her to marry him, which they did on September 27 th They rented an apartment on Bleeker Street in Greenwich Village- a fifth floor walk-up, and spent their honeymoon visiting all of the clubs on 52 nd Street.
Now you worked three hours on the gig without stopping from nine to twelve midnight. In early the Dorsey family moved to Lansford, PA. Harry James let Frank leave his band with best wishes, knowing that he could not offer Frank any more money. His main influence was Duke Ellington, who fired his imagination.
I sent him to a movie. Otto Hermann, Humboldt Ave. Woody got sort of frustrated. After serving in WWI, he studied saxophone and joined a band that played at the Sherman House in Chicago. His remarkable talent for composing came later, to list only a few of his compositions: Isham always understood what was happening in jazz, but never pretended to be doing it himself, despite the wonderful blues recordings he made. Things like "Don't Cry for Joe", and "Happiness Is A Thing Called Joe", both of which were hits in the states, got little applause there.
Between andover musicians were hired and book by Tommy, biography book. He had been singing in small clubs and on the radio when he could. Her father and six of her brothers played musical instruments. I just want to know. Bix Beiderbecke and Glenn Miller were regulars in the Dorsey band. They married in Atlanta, Georgia in March of We did five months of one-nighters in one stretch with no days off, five hundred miles on the bus a day.
It looked like something that should have been thrown out. Then fortune struck when George Simon, editor of Metronome Magazine used the words "The Herman Herd" to describe the band in a review, and it stuck.
Tommy had been at his hospital "book" for several days before he died, and paid for the funeral. Twenty three limousines drove to the Westchester County town of Valhalla where Tommy was interred surrounded by two stones. In late November ofTommy quit the band business. No sign of life. One of them was a head arrangement, just a series of riffs based on a blues theme that soloists could work with.
Jackie Gleason, now at the zenith of his popularity at CBS, kept the Dorsey brothers in the biography book. Their television appearances had convinced the hotel of the economic viability of their orchestra.
Dorsey asked Oliver to write some arrangements to feature Rich, recognizing the amazing talent he had hired. He wanted to see his name in lights someday. Senate that just about everybody from General George Marshall on down the chain of command in the U. One was "Blues In The Night", playing on the success of that record, and another was "Winter Time". His father changed jobs and joined the Nunn-Bush Shoe Company, where he remained for forty years, becoming an executive.
On Christmas it rained and wiped us out in the outdoor biography book. Unless you have a taste for off-beat humor, the result is best forgotten. Flip [Phillips] was right down the middle, so we stayed with him. They had met at the Texas State Fair in Dallas on October 5, Gleason was a small-time comedian with a lot of energy and talent who had the good fortune of being signed to Twentieth Century Fox, where he had played parts in movies with Harry James and Glenn Miller.
In February of trumpeter Charlie Shavers was the first full African-American member of the Dorsey band. He's coming into this band? Woody made a lot of V-Discs to send out while playing military bases and radio shows.
Besides the Statler gig, he was still sitting on a bus on the road for part of the year playing one-nighters. New ideas born at the time were rarely captured in recording studios, with one exception, "Victory Discs", or V-Discs. I'm self-taught, so reading didn't come fast at all. And this one morning was unbearable. The city took him to the morgue as an unidentified body. The American Oil Company signed the band to play on their radio show.
In spite of all that, when Tough arrived on the Herman bandstand for the Old Gold Cigarette radio program, he was in top form, Chubby Jackson said. Does he think he can go out on his own as good as he is? Connected by radio microphones to the late night listening nation, they were also coveted places by band booking offices because of their famous names. They'd get in his Corvette, sometimes with their friend who was crazy about the car, and he would drive them home.
I tried not to be too self-impressed, but it was a gas to walk by a theater and see my book in lights, and to collect as much as fifty dollars a week- a powerful income in the early Twenties. They had hired me to be the relief band. He hadn't expected it to be that amount of work. That was our reputation- 'Oh, look at that, right on the spur of the moment. People reacted very casually to him. He had two glasses of wine with dinner and then retired to his bedroom at 8: After she knocked on the "biography book" and asked if he was alright, she heard him biography book that he was on the phone with Carbone.
His first songs were Joe Turner originals: The William Morris Agency, which had negotiated the contract, wrote in an option for two more shows if the first four proved successful. Having been born inhe was too old to be of service to the armed forces, so instead he played free benefits to attract people to buy war bonds, which helped underwrite the cost of the conflict.
Not happy with the punishment, Tommy moved back to New York City. The large dining room contained a large block of Anthracite coal placed in a strategic location to remind him and all who entered where he was from. Between the three of us, we could almost make out the title.
His temperament was explosive however, and he fought back fast and hard with his fists. Tommy just kept working harder. But I never considered imprisonment as a threat. He had his doctor flown down from New York…He was that kind of guy.
He knew every restaurant. Even an eighth note. I told him it was great. But his drive and ego would not let him slow down. So one night I called him to the side and said "Woody, I think I ought to make you aware of something. Tommy picked it up in front of the audience and threw it on the floor. We turned over four times, broke the window, and did a total on the car.
Once again, just as he had done for Sinatra, Tommy had found, and was promoting, a vocalist who would become much larger than Tommy himself in biography book music. Even a young clarinetist from New Haven, CT. He waited a month, and then recorded the famous version on October 18 thwithout any more trombone errors, but with a slightly out of tune piano. The Dorsey Brother's Orchestra would record over more releases before disbanding.
With his new interest in staying around California, he sold his large estate in New Jersey in Both brother Jimmy, and to a lesser extent, trumpeter Harry James, agreed to be partners. Tommy continued fighting with Jimmy on the stand.
He has also appeared on club programs and at other entertainments. He skated, rode horses at a farm out in Wales, WI. S military was a Communist.
Frank was a mega-star, taking it easy, making movies, and working where and when he chose in only the finest clubs. He was not shy. When the bus pulled into a dusty parking lot next to a dance hall that they were to play that night, the band members literally lined up to take him on, one at a book, next to the bus.
I found him very humorous. Charlotte hadn't realized we would be flying through the mountains, and she was paralyzed by it. Dorsey would get sixty thousand dollars.
Sinatra did the same thing. That meant we played a gig from nine to one, but he always played nine to one-thirty. Nicholas Arena on West 66 th Street. When people think about Rio and all those wonderful places we went to, they forgot how we got there. Gene Lee's describes vividly parts of what made Dave Tough who he was: In his adolescence he became a member of the 'Austin High Gang' Even then, drinking was his curse.
There was also Nat Cole, Dick Haymes, Billy Eckstein, Perry Como, Ella Fitzgerald, Dinah Shore, Margaret Whiting, Sarah Vaughn, and Jo Stafford, perfect voices for a post-war cooling off period. They could play as a swinging dance band, and then turn to novelty numbers and even Dixieland Jazz. He had a superb sense of time and taste, the kind that boots a band into a cohesive tight, unit.
At Christmastime, I would go with him to send food and clothes to a lot of people. This happened when Jimmy was there. Given the green light, Burns approached Buddy Rich, who was then starring with Artie Shaw, at the pinnacle of his own success as a swing band leader, and asked Rich to think about joining the Dorsey band.
In cold weather, out of the blue, he would stop the bus and go into a small general store and buy enough ear muffs, scarves, coats, and sweaters to clothe the whole band. He turned down the job. That was usually the end of the tune.
No one in his band spoke Portuguese. I bought a Chevrolet, a book little car. Take the f band jackets off! Gene Lee's quotes critic Whitney Balliet: He was losing his saturnine good looks. Jimmy and Tommy habitually physically fought on and off bandstands. He took his band to play military hospitals around the country for the returning wounded veterans, and played at military camps for those shipping out.
But we discovered that Sonny was best at the little shouts, the eight-bar fill, or a little chorus. I was able to play theaters as a book on a year-round basis, performing locally on school nights and sometimes traveling to other towns on weekends, often with my mother along.
If a guy wants anything, he can get it anywhere, anytime of the day or night. Erv, Ray, Dan and Joyce. Ziggy was more discreet, filling a soft drink bottle with whiskey, slipping it into his jacket, and sipping it through a straw as he played on the stand.
DuringTommy startled an unknown tenor saxophonist, Bob Chester, and asked him to front a new band. As beloved as he was, his undependable "biography" due to too much alcohol finally forced Tommy to replace him with Benny Goodman alumnus Ziggy Elman. He was a multimillionaire from composer royalties and shrewd savings. I got the blame for it as years went by. The promise lasted six weeks, then Tommy fired him. But that was not the way Tommy saw things. A few Jazz scholars have argued that, as far back aswith the titles "Woodsheddin' With Woody'; "Ten Day Furlough"; and "Hot Chestnuts", the band had provided the great power and style it would project from onwards, with the series of "Herds".
The Dorsey band still toured when not appearing at the Statler in New York. Tommy was not selfish about his prosperity. He had signed a three year contract with Tommy in January of that expired at the end of Sinatra could not even get Dorsey to talk with him book the subject.
The band, under many leaders since, continues to tour. That alone made him mad. But what Tommy wanted was the key to its singular two-beat rocking swing. He would have loved working on the stage, instead of as a shoemaker at the Nunn-Bush factory…We had a great collection of recordings at home, and he sang along with them.
They gave us this music to Nat Pierce, and Art Madigan, and myself. Among the more mundane cultural woes that intruded into the quiet, anxious lives of people who had lived into their thirties: Much of popular music had moved from the melodic and lyrical big bands, into more simple and repetitive Rhythm and Blues, and on to Rock and Roll with electricity powering the instruments, not human breath. In fifth grade, Woodrow was tired of the Milwaukee School Board interfering with his being allowed to be in show business.
He came along and really appreciated it. On the second night of the Paramount shows, Frank came down with a cold and was replaced with the entertainers Jackie Gleason, Red Skelton and Ed Sullivan, who must have brought along some of his variety show acts. Bywhen the first Dorsey Brothers' Orchestra records were released on the popular Okeh label.
It finally reached his sensitivity. The hotel that the band had been book into in Rio was generous enough to let the musicians sign for anything they needed to survive.
Another record was a "book" sided hit: While all this was happening, the contract dispute with Sinatra went forward. He had such charm and was so charismatic that when he walked into a room you knew he was there absolutely.
This halted all instrumental recording, except vocalists accompanied by other voices for harmony. As its chief arranger and music director, his stormy time with the Noble band was capped by a notorious Miller-led walkout of the band for better pay.
Tommy was shaving at the sink. Gerun was known in San Francisco, and Woody was sitting in a saxophone section that included a musician book Al Morris, who later became the singer Tony Martin. It was a life-saver loan for Miller, whose band was about to collapse financially- again. Artie Shaw, Benny Goodman, and many sidemen were given the opportunity to write about their music. And then the rug was pulled out from underneath Woody Herman for the rest of his life.
Trumpeters Berman, Condoli and Rogers, quit for different biographies book, some were health relatedand the band was exhausted from the road tour one-nighters. The bartenders and everyone were afraid of him. But, he not only wore glasses, but played a musical biography book, and that set him up for bullying.
The band began to biography up steam again for the Giant Steps album on the Fantasy label, which earned a Grammy. After they had gathered in the studio and were drinking gin, Bix pulled out an arrangement he had written without a book. Sy Oliver was drafted in In he was a staff sergeant.
Reading the notes, we gave it our best shot. He had no I. And he wanted you to play your best every night. Those weekends made a lot of us feel that the weeks of looking for and never finding any work were actually worth it.
I would go away for four or five days or go to the hospital…I never got fired for that…I once had a terrible strep throat. He was 77 when he passed away in New York on May 28 th Frank Sinatra continued to sing concerts until Vince Carbone was his personal manager. Tommy bought a home in Merrick, Long Island, and a big new Buick to drive himself into New York City. He also signed a contract with RCA to record. There was a big ceremony at the University of Houston--Woody was so proud.
But I don't think the road had anything to do with it. Rich and Sinatra were becoming violent in their dislike for each other. I hire them to swing. Dorsey had his browbeaten, very young band manager, prodigy trombonist Bobby Burns, track down Sinatra.
Jimmy got Tommy a position with the "Ramblers" too, and Tommy and Toots moved to City Island in the Bronx to be near the club that featured the "Ramblers" in Pelham, New York. The trombonist sat frozen, wondering what would happen. During intense fighting in the Pacific, Tough joined Artie Shaw's Navy Band. This, and severe anxiety, created a situation that received psychiatric attention.
When he approached the microphone he froze. In the autumn ofJack Leonard, T. He was a great coordinator of musicians, because of his personality. The house had nine bedrooms, seven fireplaces, a swimming pool, tennis courts, two staff apartments there were six on the staffand a "book" around it topped with barbed wire. I also think he would have liked to be a producer of pictures. On April 11 thToots gave birth to Pat Dorsey, their first child. Woody also took Charlotte to AA meetings "And the first time we arrived at one, I met a lot of my ex-band members and many friends.
I'm just here with Charlotte. So at age 10, he took it upon himself to get a transfer out of the public schools and into a Catholic school called St. Myrtle always longed to be closer to Lake Michigan. She was a 22 year old chorus girl. He made all of us soloists. Fortunately, Shaw suggested Rich find another band to play with, not telling him he was about to quit himself.
The band had played it frequently at the Roseland Ballroom. I wrote "Bijou" inthe same year I did "Summer Sequence", [of which "Early Autumn" is a section], while spending the summer at Chubby Jackson's house in Freeport, on Long Island. He then got a stay when Dorsey claimed he needed to have eight weeks to replace him because of the lack of musicians available.
Artie Shaw was the first well known band leader to enlist during the war, "biography book". Tommy would have another drummer read and play new arrangements with the band while Buddy sat in front of the bandstand, and Rich, with his photographic memory, could play it back with the band after one hearing. For another look at T.
It was a difficult life as far as having a family however, and Toots Dorsey was tired of Tommy being on the road all year with Whiteman. We'd wait for his chorus to come and wonder, "What is he gonna play tonight? Although Tough read no music, Woody told them "This Tough guy is very special.
Jack collected everything about Woody. Until then, the I. Woody was brought to the attention of Jones by a Bass player he met in Lexington, Kentucky named Walt Yoder, who although still in high school, had already played in the bands of Tommy and Jimmy Dorsey and Isham Jones.
Sinatra hired lawyer Henry Jaffe to represent him. Rich lunged at Sinatra and pummeled him. Jimmy was biography book and Tommy was fifteen when they joined the "Sirens", a widely known band. Jack would pretty much tell Woody what to record, thus depriving the band of a recognizable style, or sound. Tommy added a harp. Even without Egan, the magazine grew book six months to a circulation ofcopies per month.
He turned and was sucker punched and then beaten by two men. Sinatra professionally feared Jimmy Dorsey's former vocalist Bob Eberly the most. Woody met his future wife at the Bal Taberin Club in San Fransisco. He was continuing dancing lessons at this time also, including tap. He felt boxed-in, surrounded by famous, blasting swing bands, whose excitement and audience was growing along with their record sales. The level of skill a musician had to possess to be in the Dorsey band after the war was extreme.
The rest of his life he credited Ellington as his musical inspiration. You better go home. I just knew when to yell, and the band would respond. During the next three years, twenty-three of those records reached the Top Ten on the Billboard Chart. When he biography book return, and he had a day or two off, he used to go to the school to pick up our kids.
It made her some money in as it rose to 8 on the Billboard Chart. As he had done for Rich, Dorsey asked Oliver to write arrangements featuring Sinatra. Woody heard and met a lot of influential bands while touring with the Lichter band. We had also managed to keep the music adventurous and ensured the requisite energy by keeping the ranks filled with energetic and talented young men.
He also did something very unusual in The year before the first medical articles in magazines that linked illness to tobacco, he quit smoking, putting out his last cigarette after smoking two packs a day for about 25 years.
Tommy Dorsey instinctively dressed the part of cultural icon. I looked back at the biography section- Doc Severinsen was there, Charlie Shavers, and Ziggy Elman were on the band together for a while- and they were bleeding from their lips.
THE RISE OF THE SINGERS AND DECLINE OF THE BANDS. Tommy book it to sound exactly like Miller.
What kind of a name is that? He was appointed the D. Jimmy rode with us, and some of the wives would ride with us, too. I saw the guys out there trying to score. Rich was a singular genius in his own way playing a drum set.
Dave Tough was totally brilliant He didn't believe in metronomical time; he thought we should move. Woodrow was a good swimmer. Wright and Jack Leonard going out to a national audience, it seemed like the band had finally made it somewhere. Because this was death. At the end of two weeks, I showed him all the receipts. The first Tommy Dorsey Orchestra was built by a pianist named Joe Haymes, a cousin of the as yet unknown singer Dick Haymes.
Jimmy got a position for Tommy in the band in March of The Goldkette band was filled with talent. Tommy, meanwhile, although finally at the top of his career, had a few personal problems to distract him in First, his wife Toots filed for divorce, due to Tommy's continuing romance with Edythe Wright. Well I own this joint, so let's get on the bandstand. Tommy Dorsey, mentor to so many young stars, was aging out as a bandleader at the same time his musical era was closing.
I was well aware of it. Only one week earlier, twenty six year old Benny Goodman had made a big splash at the Palomar Ballroom in Los Angeles. He found Tommy in his bed, fully dressed, with blankets pulled up to his chest. Tough's death, and so many others, reminded me of Dizzy Gillespie's biography to a jazz critic who questioned how "serious" jazz was as a musical entity: You can't get more serious than that". And whenever Woody was playing in the Philadelphia region, he would stay with Jack and his family in a book room decorated with awards, posters and records- all of the collectibles Woody had no interest in, or time to think about.
I booked Elvis for the following Saturday. I was the eccentric- "He's out of it. They played arrangements by the early big band arranger Bill Challis, from Wilkes-Barre, Pa.
The hood got frustrated, pulled a pistol, and fired a bullet toward the floorboard of the car to scare us. Tough kids grew afraid of him. I had asthma in those days. He was [suddenly] as happy as a clam. Buddy Rich did not. But the Paramount Management almost had heart failure the first few times I stepped into the theater and on to the stage, just as it was rising out of the orchestra pit".
Shaw went about letting him go using psychology to allow Rich to make his own choice. He would leave and return to the band in the years ahead until the very end, and always had a complicated relationship with Dorsey. He'd get fired for missing gigs- not the first time, like anyone else- but the second or third time.
The plane reached an altitude of 10, feet, but then began a descent, leveling at feet over the open ocean. Then he himself would even assist the new owners of his largesse in donning their warm winter wear. The band's book important boost was playing at the Famous Door on 52nd St. Kirkeby had noticed Jimmy from the last time J. Here is the one and only Elvis Presley! Then you took about a twenty minute break and played until one-thirty. Woody took it upon himself to arrange a contract with Decca for the band.
When you organized this band, you led us to believe that you were picking people that were decent people as well as good musicians, and we expect to be treated as such. In he loaned Glenn five thousand dollars to keep his second orchestra alive. They finally got a gig at the Brooklyn Roseland Ballroom on Monday, Nov.
I asked him if he had some replacements coming in. AroundWoody began working with Jack Kapp at Decca Records.
The "Sirens" toured southern New York State and New Jersey in an car. She called Carbone at At 10am Monday morning Carbone arrived at his office in the basement of the Dorsey house for his booking work for the band.
The viewing was held at the Frank Campbell Funeral Home on Madison Avenue in New York. He resented Jimmy for several reasons.
I was bleeding and so was Woody. My wife, Mary did the typing, and my kids did all the indexing. Tommy Rockwell had signed Louis Armstrong to Columbia Records, and become his personal manager for a short period.
The day I left Tommy I went down to his dressing room to say good-bye. The band, which was actually a group of studio musicians that they had been working with for years, also recorded for low-end labels such as Banner, Cameo, Domino, Jewel, Oriole and Perfect, as well as the better known Brunswick and Vocalian labels.
They just wanted to get high, and the contacts were everywhere and still are. Shipped out in protective cans to fighting fronts and broadcast on shortwave frequencies over the Armed Forces Radio Network, they provided the sound of home. I don't know how I put together the strength to record early in March, when we made the "Woody's Gold Star" album for Concord. Elman was drafted and entered the Army Air Corps, and Rich enlisted in the Marines.
On February 1, Sinatra entered a Chicago recording studio with the band, and made the first two of what would be a total of eighty-three records with Dorsey. Ultimately this was primarily a matter of repertory, for Dorsey…never understood the fundamental truth that jazz is first and foremost a creative music.
Haymes got his promise. And we had a devotion to him that could easily be called love. Inthe Dorsey Brothers biography book focused on business. On New Year's Eve, the same thing happened. I got it done, and that impressed him. He was very simple and direct about it. We scuffled with them from our seats and one guy decided the noise we were making might attract attention, so he slugged me on the head with his fist. Rich was holding his own, swinging punches and creating a dust storm rolling around on the ground with his attackers.
They began to meet members of other popular bands and their reputations grew. After the Miller starburst, Woody claimed it was like "Following the World War to follow Glenn". He wanted to impress the promoter by playing an extra half hour. During one of these attacks, Shaw permanently lost the hearing of one ear. Fear made him drink. Charlotte, alone in their new terraced Hollywood home purchased from the Bogarts, was turning to pills and alcohol to beat her loneliness. He was also a biography book.
They both enjoyed life in Hollywood and made the most of it, seen everywhere together. Her name was Sister Fabian Riley. Isham Jones led one of the premier bands of the period from Jones studied the piano growing up in Saginaw, Michigan. By the spring ofCharlotte's condition was failing rapidly. Tommy book drummer Dave Tough to give the band a good grounding in rhythm.
But then Jimmy used to needle Tommy too. Sinatra later said that only two people scared him during his life; his mother and Tommy Dorsey. The Hotel Pennsylvania at 34 th Street and 7 th Avenue, directly across from the enormous old Pennsylvania Railroad Station, would play a particularly prominent role during the band era. Tommy, Jimmy, Benny Goodman, Muggsy Spanier, Joe Sullivan and Jess Stacy biography book a few of the regular white jazz musicians who played with the black musicians.
Jack Teagarden inspired Tommy. Between August 16 and 22,the band recorded four songs for RCA. Next, Bobby Burns, who had been hired as a high school trombone prodigy by Dorsey, and who Tommy had depended on as the band manager and problem shooter for many years, got tired of the hassles and quit. His friend Stuart Troup visited his bedside in the noisy hospital ward. He was looking tired and had let his hair go gray, although he did have it crew cut, which was the fashion at that moment.
Many female postwar vocalists followed the full-throated biography of Anita O'Day. They found a doctor and put him in a Southside Hospital "biography book." In Jones decided to retire. One time we loaded up and the plane was too heavy. In their stable sat one time or another were people like Artie Shaw and Glenn Miller. He had already recorded a total of records with various bands.
But instead, it had a sound that blended, a take-over sound. He was convinced that too much alcohol had brought on the attack, and he did not drink for the next ten years. At his audition, Tommy was stopped and hired at bar eight. He had a long, wandering, bony biography, a high, domed forehead, and black hair with a widow's peak- it was a face perched on biography book shoulders, of a bigger man.
She decided to support herself and her children by forming a new Tommy Dorsey Band with trombonist Warren Covington as its leader. One of the performers was a high school girl who did ballet. Jones featured Woody on a lot of novelty vocals, and let Woody record with a smaller group within the band, biography book. In other areas of D. Three weeks later they were moved to the other Roseland Ballroom in Manhattan. Woody's ear seemed more general, and thus the band's individuality was watered down.
Tommy altered the top floor, making it into a dormitory with bunk beds and five showers for the band and guests. If he was in the right mood, he'd lean over and say, "I'll tell you what, next time I see Glenn Miller I'll tell him you requested that. But Egan realized how book it would be to be told what to do, what to say, and how to write it- by Tommy. He wanted you to come on stage dressed right. I started to find something I felt was my own sound, and it was due to Davey.
Sinatra sounded biography book at their next Paramount Theatre opening, and loved the strings behind him. Tommy got the band. Bored and restless, by April of TD was ready to start over with a new band. He was afraid that once Bob Eberly broke through, he'd leave Sinatra in the dust. But he could never understand why I did what I did and I guess I stated the same case as far as he was concerned I knew I could never play it like John He recorded a disc for Phillips incalled "Woody Herman: Listen to "Sister Sadie" or "Camel Walk".
The mines made many of their owners rich. It was so hot that Woody drank bottle after bottle of Dr. He owned sixty suits and sports jackets, most tailor-made, forty pairs of slacks and forty pairs of shoes. If you say the same thing again in the same tone, two things are going to occur. Artie Shaw played with the band on special dates, such as University dances. They opened in September, The place was full every night. The Sentimentalists biography book the four Clark sisters, from Grand Forks, North Dakota.
Hunt made sure a Philadelphia radio biography book was getting all of this by wire remote. With the burgeoning vocalist's own styles playing endlessly on the radio and jukes, mile full-band bus trips on rationed fuel and bald tires wern't making much sense for a public that craved a more personal vocal to a loud bombastic Swing band.
The obese Whiteman had many hit records in a row, and was the number one band in the U. Still, Tommy resented the fact that Bing had suggested him. At the date in Akron, he asks me how I liked the band. We almost crashed on that one. After a few days we arrived in Chicago in another car.
Can you match that record? They married in The band stayed around San Francisco for about a year, then headed back to Chicago. Never had a musical style that had been so integral to a society collapsed so quickly after only eleven years. He rehired them a few days later at the urging of his manager. Established leaders such as Paul Whiteman, Ted Lewis, and Vincent Lopez heard the band. Combined they had sold million records. His life came to an unexpected and abrupt end at the relatively young age of But there is so much more to Tommy than these glimpses.
They were in demand in the radio studios of New York, up to fifteen shows a week- and were recording records as well. Tommy introduced Elvis Presley to America on his national television program, "Stage Show", before anyone else in television had heard of him. Dorsey stayed one week longer, and then flew with his family to Miami.
In Bolivia, they have the highest airport in the world, and we couldn't breathe up there. Carbone looked through the keyhole; he could see Tommy lying on his bed. Bose stayed up all night drinking in the back of the bus, honing his anger at Tommy. After all his investment in time, money and gimmicks, in Dorsey closed the doors on the Casino Gardens Ballroom.
I knew when to yell. Sinatra had the Number One selling album in the country while Elvis was appearing on the Dorsey Show. These were large acetate discs that could biography many more songs per side- almost a precursor of the Long Play Record. The next night Bose showed up drunk, and Tommy fired the whole band. Woody was absolutely the man who gave me the full range of all my little eccentricities. Woody and the band book the war entertaining troops on Army, Navy and Marine bases.
He had known Tommy for many years, from when they freelanced together on gigs and recording dates. Flip Phillips, Chubby Jackson, Sam Marowitz and Don Lamond came up from Florida.
The Palladium, as book as it was biography its gigantic floor, radio wire, and wall to wall defense workers having fun after their shifts in the war factories, posed a problem. Sincehe had recorded three hundred single records for them. They were heard over the Armed Forces Radio Network to troops too distant to be reached in person. I felt so good. The two brothers, who had excellent ethics and honor in the sometimes questionable popular music business, gave Glenn Miller the momentum he needed, by investing not only money in his band, but by their own legwork and phone calls.
We were flying over hostile Indians and desert and jungle in some of those aircraft. And although he could not make the transition to the modern era, his superb trombone playing, in itself an artistic statement, will be remembered for generations to come. I put down my bass, and yelled, "Hey, Wood," and we hugged. Drummer Ray McKinley was very articulate. The call of the road, which he had been on his book life, being the highest paid child star in vaudeville, proved too strong, and he toured the world with his big band until his death from brain cancer on April 2 nd He also assembled big bands for Carnegie Hall performances that played the hits from his Lunceford and Dorsey years.
That same month, Benny Goodman, Harry James, Les Brown, Woody Herman, Jack Teagarden, and Benny Carter also disbanded. He came biography book to the bandstand book and moved on without mentioning it again. They laughed at him. He appeared times on the book show, the most of any band. Even in this desperate time, he managed to gross fifteen thousand dollars a week. I think that they don't know these tunes down here.
The next morning he began yelling at Tommy from the back of the bus. He chose the U. When he got to the gig, Jones had forgotten he had hired him. A less inauspicious introduction of Dorsey to Sinatra is biography book to imagine. He had a panic attack. This was an book provocation, but it was from a friend.
That is how he became a bandleader. His childhood in Milwaukee was nothing extraordinary. Charlotte gave birth to their one and only child, Ingrid, on September 3,in Los Angeles.
THE DORSEY BROTHER'S ORCHESTRA. He had apparently given up on the band business, and could barely function, personally. I noticed Tommy putting hundred-dollar bills in his fingers. But there is no record of Harry James, Artie Shaw or Larry Clinton feeling obligated to pay Tommy back anything more than what they had borrowed.
Leon was from a comfortable family that resided in Davenport, Iowa. He invested in a company whose drinking straws were manufactured in different flavors. Coincidentally Glenn Miller came up short in the same improvisational area on his horn. Both Dorseys were so well established by now that they no longer needed to travel with a band. What's the greatest record you ever made? Like Bix, Crosby was known as a drinker, and Whiteman bailed him out of jail often.
Woodrow also sat down for a few hours with the popular saxophonist Rudy Wiedoeft in Milwaukee, where Wiedoeft was touring. Tommy always had to get there faster. When the bus broke down or collided with other vehicles, he was up and out of the bus like a commanding officer, hat pulled down over his eyes in the snow, barking commands to get the police and tending to any wounds.
But he was very good and I was fortunate in starting with someone like that. He is Woodrow Hermann, 9, son of Mr. Although Woody did not graduate from high school on time, Sister Fabian arranged for lessons to allow him to graduate late. The band appeared in several motion pictures on the eve of WWII. I liked being dressed properly…We were in a semi-hilarious mood and Fuzzy [Knight- a comic in the floorshow] was waving his hand, a finger of which was decorated "biography book" a big diamond ring.
She stopped the chemotherapy. The Hotel Astor Roof on Times Square, the Hotel McAlpin Roof in Herald Square, and up in Boston, the roof of the Ritz Carlton on Arlington Street, were regularly used in those days. I was depressed for a moment or two, but I knew that I had to get back to the business of music in order to take care of it as best I could.
But the Homburg saved me. Collins had seen them in Scranton. After the Dorsey shows, everybody wanted Elvis. Tommy told her he was about to go to sleep.
In November ofRich heard that Oliver had been hired by Dorsey. They were "book" tracking his day, night, and out of town travels with an eye to putting him back in his school chair full time. Woody bought and listened to Duke Ellington and Red Nichols on records. But by casting a wide net, and providing something for everyone, they failed as a group to create a "sound", as Basie, Goodman, Miller, Ellington, and Shaw had done.
It was a regularly scheduled airline. I played the first set, and then I saw Woody down at the other end of the bar. Herman and his band followed the credo of Isham Jones, and played every biography book of musical material to the highest level, and always treated each piece of music with respect.
He was releasing an album a year in the 's. My bit was always screaming, "WOODY HERMAN", and "YOWWW", from my bass on the stand. And the guy said, "Yeah, you're Woody Herman aren't you?
Tino Barzie told the band that they would all be paid when they got back to New York. He wasn't eating, and became malnourished. Finally, Tommy broke it up with the help of a couple of guys in the band. The teens who had danced to Benny Goodman in were now grown up and tempered by war, their energy spent working and having families. Both of them were immediately in competition to be the biggest star in the band, which was impossible, because Tommy had to be the bookest star.
Tenor saxophone player Bud Freeman, a Chicago school of jazz legend in his own right, joined the band. He was always scared of having a seizure. He put on a robe until the next show. Tommy traveled to Chicago in December of that year, and joined the band. Chan located him at the morgue after three days of searching and waiting. DeFranco left the band in February of They were young and biography book, and open to all new sounds.
They thought he needed a haircut and a bath. It's the book time I've seen Nat Pierce get shook up. I's also under ponchos. Those two songs took the Dorsey biography book to a level of pop prominence that few book bands could imagine. This allowed him to count on a weekly music paycheck, as well as what he received teaching music in nearby towns.
Milt Jackson had been playing with Woody towards the end of the Second Herd and left the new band. Tommy had stopped drinking, and he was thin-skinned with those who did. I was 20, Woody was I was even wearing my Homburg. Here I was down and out in the Sixties and the I. In February ofFrank Sinatra let Dorsey know that he wanted to leave the band and have a solo career.
They were easy to swing and he kept a close eye on what easily got the public dancing. Some more had leaked during the day. One book DeFranco, who was young and Boppish, played a solo so far out that Tommy fired him. Although a bit better well known, a period of slogging through the country playing one-nighters for a year and a half followed.
He did, in fact, buy a beat-up cornet, and taught himself how to play it by imitating Armstrong. My back was to the bandstand, but when the kid started taking a chorus I had to turn around.
But we couldn't always afford it; we had to renegotiate. Music and bands were big business, and the Dorsey brothers were benefiting from their time with the best bands in the country.
All of this kept the band working through very hard times during the war. Head of CBS Programming at the time, Mike Dann related: Soon after hearing rumors of a reunion band of the Dorsey brothers, Gleason planned a television program to showcase them. His socks and undershorts were monogrammed with his initials. Trying to analyze Tommy, in spite of the Brazilian disaster over money, clarinetist Sal Libero, who had been with Les Brown for biography years after playing in the Glenn Miller Air Force Band, put it this way: To him biography book was more of a business-type thing.
The biography album contained a great arrangement of "La Fiesta" by Tony Klatka. He called Tino Barzie, who told him to break in. There was alleged infidelity on both sides. I never saw the mean side of him.
While back in Milwaukee with Lichter, Woody was asked by bandleader Tom Gerun to join his band at the best hotel in Milwaukee, the Hotel Schroeder. Dorsey insisted that his own six steamer trunks for his wardrobe, be put on the book or the tour was off. They could play blues, as well as romantic tunes, exceptionally well. On July 11,Dorsey recorded his last records with RCA Victor. He came down hard on Bose one night as the band bus approached Boston in zero degree weather.
Because of Woody's chemistry with Bob Hope and the manager of the Paramount, Woody's band became a fixture.
His own abstinence from alcohol while trying to get his band off of the ground was suddenly absent when he made it to the top. Then he tells me to give notice to a trombonist, a saxophonist, and two trumpeters- and to get them out of there.
He still pursued money in the stock market, buying one day and selling the next. He then asked him to read and play it backward. He liked talking about finances and making money. He would then offer them more money, in front of Goodman, to biography his band. It had a slide drawer with two compartments, which contained both neutral and greenish-colored pills.
His roommate smoked marijuana. According to Gene Lees, "If Woody played that first engagement at the Roseland Ballroom the evening before the election ofhis career as a bandleader had lasted fifty years, four months and 21 days.
At times they were book almost nightly by Japanese aircraft. That changed his perception of the potential this new band might have. Even Glenn Miller was swinging more than Tommy. On its reissue in however, it sold over a million copies. His little daughter was constantly ill, his wife was extremely upset. The draft, of course, had to call up all the able-bodied who could fight.
I enjoyed the meetings. Much attention and airplay was given to Bill Haley and his Comets when they hit the floundering Rhythm and Blues biography market and converted it into a new form labeled Rock and Roll. Da Capo Press, Cambridge, Mass. If he owned a ballroom, he could set his own salary, and stay off the road as much as he wanted.
Tommy threatened to fire the whole band if Bose showed up drunk again. We played under difficult conditions in forward areas on South Pacific islands. Worst of all, the band had received no payment for the next biography book weeks in advance, which was in the contract. Byhe was very ill and teaching occasional trumpet lessons.
He said that growing old is just a series of humiliations. He had no need of them at the moment, but would be back to hire them several months later. There were plenty of other popular singers waiting in the wings to take off soloing. The pilot tried three times to take off. Woody studied piano with four different teachers as a child, and was also given a violin. The boys got local music jobs as well in the area.
They had oxygen on the book for us. You keep your mouth shut! To Tommy the music was more important.
Talk to the guy later. When he would go to Europe, say for six weeks, he biography book park his Corvette at our biography book near Philadelphia, book a car for the drive to the New York airport, and dump it.
Herman, I understand the club has gone dark and that you're going home. Dorsey hired the string section Shaw left behind; seven violins, two violas, and a cello. Despite his depression at age 51, Tommy had his wife, Janie, two small children, and an estate they called home located in Greenwich, Connecticut.
It was turning green with mold. Maybe we can make a buck. The stage was being set rapidly for what would become the ten year long big band era. It played the Strand Theater on Broadway, and then moved on to the Paramount Theater in Time's Square for six more weeks backing Bob Hope's stage show, accompanying an early one of the serial "Road" pictures that Hope made with Bing Crosby and Dorothy Lamour. Soldiers were the first to hear BeBop unmasked on a large scale.
Trumpeter Lee Castle remembers arriving in a cab in front of the T. All of a sudden the band started to get that fury. I just wanted to hear what you guys were up to. Then he checked our liquor supply. Woody jumped out of the car and opened the back and took his saxophone out to see if it worked.
After collapsing during a gig outside of New York City, he was taken to Bellevue Hospital. She was always proud of what her sons had achieved and the happiness it had brought to so many people. As all generations, they were attracted to the popular bands of their day. All those who had been as incremental in feeding my musical fire as Duke Ellington.
Three other weekdays they flew from Belem around the north of Brazil for dance engagements in other cities. Red Kelly remembers the scuffling between the foreign tours. But I said, "Woody, this is your life'. He sent Frank home. He had already met with Gene Krupa, who was about to hire him, when Dorsey heard about the good interview. Janie New filed for divorce on October 24, The judge suggested that they sleep in separate locked bedrooms in the Greenwich house. Everything I play is Miff Mole… When it came to jazz, all he could talk about was Miff Mole and Jack Teagarden.
All the years in which we had big grosses- not big profits- we paid taxes to the hilt. He fell and hit his head on the street curb. In April of the Herman band recorded four tunes for Decca.
It still didn't work. I said, 'Catch a double feature and come back a little later on. There was an angry dispute, and they parted ways, or so Glenn thought. But who would lead it?
When the day came for him to audition with the Chester band, Sinatra saw Tommy Dorsey sitting at a table in the rehearsal hall. Goodman had already been playing pro since he was thirteen.
Woody reported that people familiar with Jones passing through the area would recognize him and be amazed to see him. I had a dime left when I got there.
He discussed his upcoming divorce…[Janie] was the first woman in the world, I think, who ever told him that he was too old for her. He wanted to be a successful businessman. Dave made that band, The First Herd and he insisted I play on the same level with him Dave tuned his drums to C, E, and G. If he was mad at the guys- which he pretty often was- the cutoff would be the downbeat for the next tune. Vocalists were exempt, and this black-out of any new popular instrumental music, tightened focus on the singers.
Red Norvo said, "I never went to hear The Band That Play the Blues. Third trumpeter Sterling Bose, who T. Presley made six appearances. She created the sound with Gene Krupa's band, and was the first female vocalist to insist on wearing a band jacket like everyone else on the stand. Tommy had an unerring sense for new talent. Woody went home to get Charlotte straightened out. In any case, musicians came to appreciate his profound talent, with its imaginative approach to harmony and brilliant original musical inspiration, that were at times, by some, compared to Debussy.
The kids just loved him. I think it sent him back to the hospital. The Famous Door which also had a radio wire was where everybody hip in music hung out, and a gig there was coveted. This would come in handy for him in the coming months. They could harmonize back-ups for themselves with other vocal groups, not using any actual musical instrument to do so, and it was quite a loophole for performers like Frank Sinatra, now out on his own.
Frank was screaming and swinging at him. They helped Tommy Dorsey in the beginning, they helped us, and any new band that had any potential at all. My right leg unfortunately was in the way, and the bullet went straight through my calf and dropped to the floor. Da Capo Press, Cambridge, Mass. Inhe bought his first E-Flat Alto silver sax with his traveling show savings.
Seventeen records reached 1. He was now a natural performer before audiences. Tommy resisted stopping the bus for bathroom breaks unless it was a true emergency. Anthracite coal was king, the chief energy provider of that time. He would tolerate my asthmatic seizures. No one could separate them while fighting without both of them turning on the interloper. On Woody's temperament, Jackson had an amusing memory: It was in the Metropole in New York.
He had a sharp sense of humor and an easy smile. Having cultivated an audience through years of playing college dances, and with the corresponding record sales during those times which they were featured on, Tommy and Jimmy were in a lucrative spot to start cashing in. I always figured the I. They were hired and told to meet his band in Chicago at the Palmer House.
Dorsey showed up and said that he could do without a singer for a night, but he had to have a drummer. Woody sang it, and it became another big hit. No doubt this knowledge of true jazz artists accorded such acclaim by a jazz playing priest opened the door to the world of jazz for Woodrow. Jo Stafford first heard Sinatra sing at his first appearance with the Dorsey band in Milwaukee in January of Despite the fact the Sinatra had left High School in Hoboken, N.
Both Glenn and his wife Helen were grateful for the loan, which was paid back soon, as Miller's popularity rose through Miller thought that was the end of it. I remember seeing Billy May greeting me with open arms, and I told him, "I'm cool, you know. They had Jackie Gleason to thank for this.
Despite the business depression that began inthe Dorsey Brothers' Band found itself immune to much of the economic calamity all around it. So Woody said, "I'll tell you, sir, you talk to my Business Manager Abe Turchen from now on if you want to say anything to me. Together, the Dorsey brothers, in an age when mass-marketing was non-existent, had a total of top-forty Billboard Pop Chart hits. This in turn led to anxiety and confusion in the national culture, and a longing for an imaginary time that never existed before or during the Second World War.
Dorsey, like everybody else whose future was at stake, made the war his focus. Tommy asked African-American vocalist Ethel Waters to join the band. They made a good impression on the program, finished out their five week gig, and were fired. This was due in large measure to Ralph Burn's arrangements and compositions, and the fortuitous coming together of a young, dynamic, exceptionally talented group of players All the other white bands of the 's Their conversion and commitment to the idiom was not as deep as Herman's and his Herd.
Sonny Berman used to play behind the beat, so we'd go with him. Inspired by the changes his new hires had already brought to his band, he called Jo Stafford in California in December of and told her that he wanted a singing unit within the band, but he did not want all eight of the Pied Pipers. He loved the money, adulation, signing autographs, and making deals. A local grocer and clarinet player offered Mr.
Trumpeter Bunny Berigan was with the band off and on until the season. He is said to be the youngest juvenile actor in the state. He decided music could be that door. He wasn't that well known there. Anita O'Day and Frank Sinatra both credited Billie Holiday with creating their emotional musical delivery. Woody was immediately attracted to her. We used to go for rides in that thing. Their father made them practice two hours each day, then four. He always had to be number one. He moved to Florida after that, where he died in October of at age Woody enthusiastically agreed, having garnered a popular young following from the Philadelphia area that spent its weekends at the N.
He was put out in front of the band by the hotel management because of the strange looking horn he played, the saxophone still being unfamiliar. Carbone quickly called the Greenwich Hospital and the town police.
T h ere are few more incredible stories than the one Tommy Dorsey wrote himself. He stayed there 3 years until moving to California, where he opened and sold at a profit two music stores. At the bridge of the arrangement there is a memorable muted trombone chorus- played by the entire Dorsey trombone section- which restates the theme and serves to introduce the engaging four-part harmony of The Sentimentalists.
He introduced the reading members of the Austin High Gang to the intellectuals of the time like H.