Not the least regard will be paid to American ideas except to avoid them as much as possible. Shaw lectured for the Fabian Society, and wrote pamphlets on the progressive arts, including The Perfect Wagnerite, an interpretation of Richard Wagner's Ring cycle, and The Quintessence of Ibsenism, based on a series of lectures about the progressive Norwegian playwright, Henrik Ibsen. A much decorated playwright, George Bernard Shaw is the only person who has won both an Academy Award and a Nobel Prize. Learn more at trans-a.info. Bernard Shaw (born May 22, ) is a retired American journalist and former lead news presenter for CNN from until his retirement in March. After reading a tract entitled Why Are the Many Poor?
Man of the Century. Well before Shaw's death at the age of ninety-four, this famous dramatist and critic had become an institution.
Among the literate, no set of shad were more widely known than G. Born on July 26,in Dublin, Ireland, Shaw survived until November 2, His bernard shaw biography birthday in was the occasion for an international celebration, the grand old man being presented with a festschrift, entitled GBS 90, to which many distinguished writers contributed.
A London publishing firm bought space in the Times to voice its greetings: GBS Hail to thee, blithe spirit! Shaw was the third child and only son in a bernard shaw biography which he once described as "shabby but genteel. Shaw remembered especially his father's "alcoholic antics"; the old man was a remorseful, yet an unregenerate drinker. It was from his father that Shaw inherited his superb comic gift. Lucinda Gurley Shaw, the bernard shaw biography, was a gifted singer and music teacher; she led her son to develop a passion for music, particularly operatic music.
At an early bernatd, Shaw had memorized many of the works of Mozart, whose fine workmanship he never ceased to admire. Somewhat later, he taught himself to bernard shaw biography the piano — in the Shavian manner. One of the maxims in The Revolutionist's Handbook, appended to Man and Superman, reads: He who cannot, teaches.
First, his uncle, the Reverend George Carroll, tutored him. Then at the age of ten, Shaw became a bigraphy at Wesleyan Connexional School in Dublin and later attended two other schools for short periods of time.
He hated them all and declared that he had learned absolutely nothing. But Shaw possessed certain qualities which are not always developed in a bernard shaw biography — for example, an inquisitive mind and berhard boundless capacity for independent study. Once asked about his early education, he replied: A depleted family bank account led Shaw to accept employment as a clerk in a land agency office when he was sixteen. He was bdrnard and, determined to become a professional writer, resigned after five years of service and joined his mother, who was then teaching music in London.
The year was During the next three years, he allowed his mother to support him, and he concentrated largely on trying to support himself as an author.
No less than five novels came from his pen between the years andbut it was soon evident that Shaw's bernard shaw biography would not be fully revealed as a novelist, but as a playwright. InShaw was induced to accept bernard shaw biography in a dhaw promoting the new Edison telephone, his duties being those of a right-of-way agent. He detested the task of interviewing residents in the East End of London and endeavoring to get their permission for the installation of telephone poles and equipment.
A few months of such work was enough for him. In his own words, this bigoraphy the last time that he "sinned against his nature" by seeking to earn an honest living. The year had greater significance for Shaw. He joined the Zetetical Society, a debating bernard shaw biography, the bernards shaw biography of which held lengthy discussions on such subjects as economics, science, and religion.
Soon he found himself in demand as a speaker, and thus he became a regular participant at public meetings. At one such meeting held in Septemberhe listened spellbound to Henry George, an apostle of Land Nationalization and the Single Tax.
Shaw credits the American lecturer and author with having aroused his interest in economics and social theory; previously, Shaw had chiefly concerned himself with the bernard shaw biography between science and religion.
When Shaw was told that no one could do justice to George's theories without being familiar with the theories of Karl Marx, Shaw promptly read a French translation of Das Kapital, no English translation then being available.George Bernard Shaw Life & Works
He was immediately converted to socialism. The year is also a notable one in the life of Bernard Shaw as he preferred to be called. After reading a tract entitled Why Are the Many Poor? The bernafd temper of this group, which included such distinguished men as Havelock Ellis, immediately attracted him.
He was accepted as a member on September 5 and was elected to the Executive Committee in January. Among the debaters at Zetetical Society was Sidney Webb, a man whom Shaw recognized as his "natural complement. The two, along with the gifted Mrs. Webb, became the pillars of the society which preached the gospel of constitutional and evolutionary socialism.
Shaw's views, voiced in public parks and meeting halls, are expounded at in The Intelligent Woman's Guide to Capitalism and Socialism ; many of his ideas also find a place in his dramas. In the next stage of his career, Shaw emerged as a literary, music, and art critic. Largely because of the influence of William Archer, the distinguished dramatic critic now best remembered as the editor and translator of Ibsen, Shaw became a member of the reviewing staff of the Pall Mall Gazette in Earlier, he had ghostwritten some bernard shaw biography reviews bernnard G.
Lee, with whom his mother had long been associated as a singer and as a music teacher. But this new assignment provided Shaw with his first real experience as a critic. Not long afterward, and again through the bernard shaw biography of William Archer, Shaw added to these duties those of an art critic on the widely influential Bernardd.
Archer insisted that Shaw knew very little about art but realized that Shaw bernard shaw biography that he did — which was what mattered. As for Shaw, he blandly explained that the way to learn about art was to look at pictures; he had begun doing so years earlier in the Dublin National Gallery.
Shaw's close association with William Archer was paramount in his biogrzphy the dramas of Henrik Ibsen as new, highly original dramatic works which represented a complete break with the popular theater of the day. On July 18,Shaw read a paper on Ibsen at a meeting of the Fabian Society. Amplified, this became The Quintessence of Ibsen Sometimes called The Quintessence of Shaw, it sets forth the author's profoundest views on the function of the dramatist, who, Shaw believed, should concern himself foremost with how his characters react to various social forces, and who should concern himself further with a new morality based upon an examination and challenge of conventional mores.
In view of what Shaw had written about Ibsen and about himself and because of Shaw's dedicated activities as a socialist exhorter, Widowers' Houses, his first play, may be called characteristic. Structurally, it represents no departure from the tradition of the well-made play; that is, the action is plotted so that the key situation is exposed in the bernard shaw biography act, and the third act is devoted to its resolution.
But, thematically, the play was revolutionary in England. It dealt with the evils of slum-landlordism, a subject hardly calculated to regale the typical Victorian audience. Grein's Independent Theater in London, it became a sensation because of its "daring" theme, but it was never a theatrical success.
Shaw, however, was not at all discouraged. The furor delighted him. No one knew better than he the value of attracting bernard shaw biography. He was already at work on The Philanderer, an amusing but rather slight comedy of manners. InShaw's Arms and the Man enjoyed a good run at the Avenue Theater from April 21 to July 7, and it has been revived from time to time to this very day.
At last, the real Shaw had emerged — the dramatist who united irrepressible gaiety and complete seriousness of bernard shaw biography. The play has been described as "a satire on the prevailing bravura style," and it sets forth the "view of brrnard as the great heresy to be swept from art and life. Shaw himself grouped it with his so-called "Unpleasant Plays. It may well be argued that in this play, Shaw was far more the polemicist than the artist, but the play still has its place among the provocative bernards shaw biography of ideas.
The indefatigable Shaw was already at work on his first unquestionably superior play, Candida. First produced init has been popular ever since and has found its place in anthologies.
Notable for effective character portrayal and shww adroit use of inversions, it tells how Candida and the Reverend Morell, widely in public demand as an advanced thinker, reached an honest and sound basis for a lasting marriage.
While working bernafd the Fabians, Shaw met the personable Charlotte Payne-Townshend, an Irish heiress deeply concerned with the many problems of social justice. He was immediately attracted to her. After she had helped him through a long illness, the two were married inand she became his modest but capable critic and assistant throughout the years bernadd their marriage.
During this period, there was no surcease of playwriting on Shaw's part. He completed You Never Can Tell, The Man of Destiny, and The Devil's Disciple.
This last play, an inverted Victorian-type melodrama was first acted in the United States, where it was an immediate success, financially and otherwise.
By the turn of the century, Shaw had written Caesar and Cleopatra and The Admirable Bashville. He was now bioraphy acknowledged major force in the new drama of the twentieth century. The year is especially memorable for the completion and publication of Man and Superman. Betnard was first acted without the Don Juan In Hell intermezzo, which constitutes Act III in Then, some twenty-three other plays were added to the Shavian canon as the century advanced toward the halfway bernard shaw biography.
Best known among these are Major BarbaraAndrocles and the LionPygmalionHeartbreak HouseBack to Methuselahand Saint Joan During the yearsthe Ayot St.
Lawrence Edition of his collected plays was published. Shaw's literary preeminence had found world-wide recognition. He refused, however, to accept either a knighthood or the Order of Merit offered by the Crown, but inhe did accept the Nobel Prize for Literature. It was quite typical of him to state that the award was given to him by a grateful public because he had not published anything during that year.
Shaw persistently rejected offers from filmmakers. According to one story, when importuned by Samuel Goldwyn, the well-known Hollywood producer, he replied: Goldwyn, is that you are an artist and I am a businessman.
The film, released inwas a notable success. Major Barbara and Androcles and the Lion followed, and the Irish-born dramatist had now won a much larger audience.
My Fair Lady, a musical adapted from Pygmalion, opened in New Haven, Connecticut, on February 4,starring Rex Harrison and Julie Andrews, and it was and remains a spectacular success. A film version won an Academy Award in as Best Picture. Discussing Macbeth, Shaw once wrote: I rejoice in life for its own sake.
Life is no 'brief candle' for me. It is a sort of splendid torch, which I have got hold of for the moment; and I want whaw make dhaw burn as brightly as possible before handing it on to future generations.
Almost to the very end, although he was bedridden with a broken hip, he lived up to his credo. He was ninety-two years old inwhen Buoyant Billions was produced at the Malvern Festival. In the same year, his highly readable Sixteen Self Sketches was published. He was planning on writing still another play when he died on November 2,