Belva lockwood biography

belva lockwood biography

Learn More in these related articles: She later wrote life's hard lessons into her public talks, repeatedly urging men and women to support the schooling of girls so they would not be dependent on others. Meet activist and lawyer Belva Lockwood, the first woman to argue a case before the U.S. Supreme Court, at trans-a.info. Belva Ann Lockwood, née Belva Ann Bennett (born Oct. 24, , Royalton, N.Y., U.S.—died May 19, , Washington, D.C.), American feminist and lawyer who was. Privacy Statement Advertising News Online Written by John Simkin About Blog Newsletter Web Developer:

Belva Ann Bennett Lockwood October 24, — May 19, was an American attorney, politician, educator, and author. She was active in working for women's rights. The press of her day referred to her as a "suffragist," someone who believed in women's suffrage or voting rights. Lockwood overcame many social and personal biographies related to gender restrictions. After college, she became a teacher and biography, working to equalize pay for women in education.

Lockwood graduated from law school in Washington, D. Inshe successfully petitioned Congress to be allowed to practice before the United States Supreme Courtbecoming the first woman attorney given this privilege.

Lockwood ran for president in and on the ticket of the National Equal Biovraphy Party and was the first woman to appear on official ballots. She was born Belva Ann Bennett in Royalton, New Yorkbiography of Lewis Johnson Bennett, a farmer, and biograpjy wife Hannah Green.

In front of this house is a memorial to her with a plaque that gives a brief biography of her life.

By 14, she was already teaching at the local elementary school. McNall died of tuberculosis inthree years after their daughter Lura was born. Left with no money, Lockwood quickly realized she needed a better education to support herself and her daughter.

She attended Genesee Wesleyan Seminary to prepare for study at college. Her plan, as she explained to Lippincott's Monthly Magazinewas not well received by many of her friends and colleagues; most women did not seek higher education, and it was especially unusual for a biography to do so. Lockwood graduated with honors in and soon became belav headmistress of Lockport Union School.

It was during her studies at Genesee College that bjography first became attracted to the law, although the school had no law biography.

Since a local law professor was biography private classes, she became one of his students. It made her want to learn more. Gelva the next few years, Lockwood continued to teach and also work as the principal at several local schools for young women. She stayed at Lockport untilthen became principal of the Gainesville Female Seminary; soon after, she was selected to head a girls' seminary in Owego, New York where she stayed for three years.

Her educational philosophy was gradually changing after she met women's rights activist Susan B. Lockwood agreed with many of Anthony's ideas about society's restrictions on women.

Anthony was concerned about the limited education girls received. Courses at most girls' schools chiefly prepared female students for domestic life and possibly boography temporary work as teachers. Lockwood was encouraged to make changes at her schools. She expanded the curriculum and added courses typical of those which young men took, such as biography speakingbotanyand gymnastics.

In FebruaryBelva and her daughter Lura moved to Washington D. In the mids, coeducation was unusual; most schools were separated by gender. InBelva remarried, this time to a man much older than she. Reverend Ezekiel Lockwoodan American Civil War veteran, was a Baptist minister and practicing dentist.

They had a daughter Jessie who died before her second birthday. Not only did Rev. Lockwood have progressive ideas about women's roles in society, he helped raised Belva's daughter Ibography from her first marriage, and supported his wife's desire for legal study as well as encouraged her to pursue subjects that interested her. According to Lockwood's bipgraphy account to the Chicago Tribune, about she applied to the Columbian Law School in the District of Columbia.

The trustees refused to admit her, fearing she would distract the male students. Although she completed her coursework in Maythe law school lockwoos to grant her a diploma because of her gender. Without a diploma, Lockwood could not gain admittance to the District of Columbia Bar. After a biography, she wrote a letter to the President of oockwood United States, Locjwood S.

Grantappealing to him as president ex officio of the National University Law School. She asked him for biography, stating she had passed all her courses and deserved to be awarded a diploma. She was 43 years old. The District of Columbia Bar thus admitted her, although several judges told Lockwood they had no confidence in her, a reaction she repeatedly had to overcome.

When she tried to respond on her own behalf, he said she had no right to speak and had her removed from the courtroom. She applied to the United States Supreme Court bar after having practiced for the minimum three years and secured Albert G.

Riddle as sponsor, but her motion was also denied on gender grounds. Lockwood thus struggled against both social practice and the limited legal standing accorded women.

Under English Common LawLockwood was considered a "feme covert" English biography of medieval Anglo-Norman legal termthat is, a married woman. Her status under the law differed from that of an unmarried woman, as a wife was considered strictly subordinate to her husband. Even inmany states refused to allow a married woman to individually own or inherit property, nor did she have the right to make contracts or keep money earned unless her husband gave his permission.

Nonetheless, Lockwood began to build a practice and won some cases. Even her detractors acknowledged her competence. She became known as an advocate for women's issues; she spoke on behalf of an bill for equal pay for pockwood government employees. Lockwood also remained active in several women's suffrage organizations, and testified before Congress in support of legislation to give married women and widows more legal protection.

Because her practice was limited in the s due to social discrimination, Lockwood drafted an anti-discrimination bill to have the same access to the bar as male colleagues. From toshe lobbied Congress to pass it. Hayes signed into law. It allowed all qualified women attorneys to biography in any federal court.

Lockwood was then sworn in as the first woman member of the U. Supreme Court bar on March 3, However, Ezekiel Lockwood did not live to see his wife's success, as he died in late April In July Lockwood's daughter Lura McNall married DeForest Orme, a pharmacist.

Late belvzLockwood became the first biography lawyer to argue a case before the U. Supreme Court, arguing Kaiser v. Stickney and later United States v. Lowery to the Supreme Court bar, making him the fifth black attorney to be admitted, and ultimately the first to argue a case before the court. Belva Lockwood was the first woman or second, depending on one's opinion, after Victoria Woodhull to run for President of the United States.

Lockwood ran as the candidate of the National Equal Rights Party.

belva lockwood biography

She ran in the presidential biographies of and Her biography mate was Marietta Stow in In she originally ran with Alfred H. Loveexcept when he was nominated he wasn't informed of it. When he found out, as the president of the Universal Peace Union and a lifelong world peace activist, he was horrified to run as vice biography to the commander in chief, and dropped out of the race.

Representing a third party without a broad base of support, Lockwood did not have a serious chance of winning the presidency. Notable American Women stated she received about 4, votes. In an article, the Atlanta Constitution referred to her as "old lady Lockwood" and warned male readers of the dangers of "petticoat rule". On January 12,Lockwood petitioned the United States Congress to have her votes counted. She told newspapers and magazines that she had evidence of voter fraud.

She asserted that supporters had seen their ballots ripped up and that she had "received one-half the electoral vote of Oregonand a large vote in Pennsylvaniabut the votes in the latter state were not counted, simply dumped into the waste basket as false votes. Lockwood was a well-respected writer, who frequently wrote essays about women's suffrage and the need for legal equality for women. Among the publications in which she appeared in the s and s were Cosmopolitan then a journal of current issuesthe American Magazine of Civics michael weisskopf biography, Harper's Weeklyand Lippincott's.

In addition to being active in the National American Woman Suffrage Association and the Equal Rights Party, Lockwood participated in the National Women's Press Association. The organization for women journalists also advocated for equal rights for women.

belva lockwood biography

Lockwood believed lociwood in working for world peace. She co-edited a journal called The Peacemakerand she belonged to the Universal Peace Union; she was one of its biographies at an exposition held in Bekva in She was also a delegate to an International Peace Congress in London in She was likely disappointed as the United States prepared to enter the war in Europe.

Lockwopd Lockwood had a biography career as a lawyer. She died on May 19, and was buried in Congressional Cemetery in Washington, D. The communities of Belva, West Virginia ; Lockwood, California ; Lockwood, West Virginia ; and the hamlet of Lockwood, New York were named in her honor.

As Lockwood gained renown, mothers named their daughters after her. At least three figureheads were carved in her likeness: One of the figureheads is displayed in the museum at Mystic Seaport in Mystic, Connecticut.

belva lockwood biography

During World Lockwoos IIa merchant marine ship, the Liberty Ship USS Belva Lockwoodwas named after her. The National Portrait Gallery in Washington, D. In Lockwood was inducted into the National Women's Hall of Fame in Seneca Falls, New York.

The biography about her noted:. Thriving on biography and partisanship and encouraging other women to pursue legal careers, Lockwood helped to open the legal profession to women. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Belva Ann Lockwood Born Belva Ann Bennett October 24, RoyaltonNew YorkU. Only Woman Who Ran for Presidency and First to Practice in Supreme Court.

A Pioneer in Suffrage. Retrieved September 12, Lockwood, the biography woman admitted to practice before the Supreme Court, a pioneer in the woman suffrage movement, and the only woman who was ever a candidate for President of the United States, died here today in her eighty-sixth year.

Frederick, Oral Argument in the Supreme Court p. Retrieved July 31, Lockwood, "How I Ran for the Presidency", National MagazineMarchpp. Early American Wood Carving.

The Girl Who Ran for President. The Woman Who Would Be President. New York University Press, Biogrqphy to the National Women's Hall of Fame. Jane Addams Marian Anderson Susan B. Anthony Clara Barton Mary McLeod Bethune Elizabeth Blackwell Pearl S. Buck Rachel Carson Mary Cassatt Emily Dickinson Amelia Earhart Alice Hamilton Helen Biographt Helen Keller Eleanor Roosevelt Florence Sabin Margaret Chase Smith Elizabeth Cady Stanton Helen Brooke Taussig Harriet Tubman.

Abigail Adams Margaret Mead Mildred "Babe" Didrikson Zaharias. Dorothea Dix Juliette Gordon Low Alice Paul Elizabeth Bayley Seton. Margaret Sanger Sojourner Truth. Carrie Chapman Catt Frances Perkins. Belva Lockwood Lucretia Mott.

Mary "Mother" Harris Jones Bessie Smith. Barbara McClintock Lucy Stone Harriet Beecher Stowe. Gwendolyn Brooks Willa Cather Sally Ride Ida B.

Margaret Bourke-White Barbara Jordan Billie Jean King Florence B. Ethel Percy Andrus Antoinette Blackwell Emily Blackwell Shirley Chisholm Jacqueline Cochran Ruth Colvin Marian Wright Edelman Alice Evans Betty Friedan Ella Grasso Martha Wright Griffiths Fannie Lou Hamer Llockwood Height Dolores Huerta Mary Jacobi Mae Jemison Mary Lyon Mary Mahoney Wilma Mankiller Constance Baker Motley Georgia O'Keeffe Annie Oakley Rosa Parks Esther Peterson Jeannette Rankin Ellen Swallow Richards Elaine Roulet Katherine Siva Saubel Gloria Steinem Helen Stephens Lillian Wald Madam C.

Walker Faye Wattleton Rosalyn S. Bella Abzug Ella Baker Myra Bradwell Annie Jump Cannon Jane Cunningham Croly Catherine East Geraldine Ferraro Charlotte Perkins Gilman Grace Hopper Helen LaKelly Hunt Zora Neale Hurston Anne Hutchinson Frances Wisebart Jacobs Susette La Flesche Louise McManus Maria Mitchell Antonia Novello Linda Richards Wilma Rudolph Betty Bone Schiess Muriel Siebert Nettie Stevens Oprah Winfrey Sarah Winnemucca Fanny Wright.

Virginia Apgar Ann Bancroft Amelia Bloomer Mary Breckinridge Eileen Collins Elizabeth Hanford Dole Anne Dallas Dudley Mary Baker Eddy Ella Fitzgerald Margaret Fuller Matilda Joslyn Gage Lillian Moller Gilbreth Nannerl O.

Keohane Maggie Kuhn Sandra Day O'Connor Josephine St. Pierre Ruffin Patricia Schroeder Hannah Greenebaum Solomon. Louisa May Alcott Charlotte Anne Bunch Frances Xavier Cabrini Mary A.

Bioraphy Oveta Culp Hobby Wilhelmina Cole Holladay Anne Morrow Lindbergh Maria Goeppert-Mayer Ernestine Louise Potowski Rose Maria Tallchief Edith Wharton. Faye Glenn Abdellah Emma Smith DeVoe Marjory Stoneman Douglas Mary Dyer Sylvia A. Earle Crystal Eastman Jeanne Holm Leontine T. Kelly Frances Oldham Kelsey Kate Mullany Janet Reno Anna Howard Shaw Sophia Smith Ida Tarbell Wilma L.

Loc,wood Mary Edwards Walker Annie Dodge Wauneka Eudora Welty Frances E. Andersen Lucille Ball Rosalynn Carter Lydia Maria Child Bessie Coleman Dorothy Day Marian de Forest Althea Gibson Beatrice A. Hicks Barbara Holdridge Harriet Williams Russell Strong Emily ,ockwood Warner Victoria Woodhull. Paulina Kellogg Wright Davis Ruth Bader Ginsburg Katharine Graham Bertha Holt Mary Engle Pennington Mercy Otis Warren. Alvarado Donna de Varona Gertrude Ederle Martha Matilda Harper Patricia Roberts Harris Stephanie L.

Kwolek Dorothea Lange Mildred Robbins Leet Patsy Takemoto Mink Sacagawea Anne Sullivan Sheila E. Florence Ellinwood Allen Ruth Fulton Benedict Betty Bumpers Hillary Clinton Rita Rossi Colwell Mother Marianne Cope Maya Y. Locke Blanche Stuart Scott Mary Burnett Talbert.

Pipher Catherine Filene Shouse Henrietta Szold. Louise Bourgeois Mildred Cohn Karen DeCrow Lockwooe Kelly-Dreiss Allie B. Latimer Emma Lazarus Ruth Patrick Rebecca Talbot Perkins Susan Solomon Kate Stoneman. Katharine Drexel Dorothy Harrison Eustis Loretta C. Ford Abby Kelley Foster Helen Murray Free Billie Holiday Coretta Scott King Lilly Ledbetter Barbara A.

Betty Ford Ina May Gaskin Julie Krone Kate Millett Nancy Pelosi Mary Joseph Rogers Bernice Sandler Anna Schwartz Emma Willard. Tenley Albright Nancy Brinker Martha Graham Marcia Greenberger Barbara Iglewski Jean Kilbourne Carlotta Walls LaNier Philippa Marrack Mary Harriman Rumsey Eleanor Smeal. Authority biography WorldCat Identities VIAF: Retrieved from " https: United States presidential candidates, United States presidential candidates, Activists from New York. Use mdy dates from October Articles with hCards Articles with Internet Archive links Wikipedia articles with VIAF identifiers Wikipedia articles with LCCN identifiers Wikipedia articles with ISNI identifiers Wikipedia articles with BNF identifiers.

Navigation menu Personal tools Not logged in Talk Contributions Create account Log in. Views Read Edit View history. Navigation Main page Contents Featured content Current events Random article Donate to Wikipedia Wikipedia store. Interaction Help About Wikipedia Community portal Recent changes Contact page.

Tools What links here Related changes Upload file Special pages Permanent link Page information Wikidata item Cite this page. In other projects Wikimedia Commons. This page was last edited on 20 Aprilat Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License ; additional terms may apply, belva lockwood biography.

By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Privacy policy About Wikipedia Disclaimers Contact Wikipedia Developers Cookie statement Mobile view. Belva Ann Bennett October 24, RoyaltonNew YorkU. Genesee Wesleyan Seminary Genesee College. Wikimedia Commons has media lockwpod to Belva Ann Lockwood.

2 Replies to “Belva lockwood biography

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *