They had three sons: Schomburg was later to become the President of the American Negro Academy, founded in Washington, DC in , which championed black history and literature. Arturo Alfonso Schomburg, also Arthur Schomburg (January 24, – June 8, ), was a Puerto Rican historian, writer, and activist in the United States who. Arturo Alfonso Schomburg (Q) From Wikidata. Jump to: navigation, search. Arturo. 0 references. date of birth. 24 January Gregorian. 1 reference. With this effort, Schomburg began a lifelong quest to promote the history of African people across the globe.
At a Glance ….
Inthe Division was renamed the Schomburg Collection of Negro Literature, History, and Prints in honor of its founder, and init received its present title of the Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture.
A lack of verifiable records and a discrepancy between the documents that do exist and what Schomburg himself has said about his early years in Puerto Rico make it difficult to provide an accurate account of his childhood.
In her biography Arthur Alfonso Schomburg: Sinnette found that the baptismal record at the Church of San Francisco de Asis in Santurce, a section of San Juan, indicates that Schomburg was the hijo natural, or out-of-wedlock son of a year-old laundress of African descent from St. Both parents were considered extranjeros, or foreigners.
Because of conflicting records, it is difficult to ascertain if Schomburg attended primary schools in San Juan or was self-educated. Croix in the Virgin Islands. There he became interested in the Puerto Rican independence move. Born Arturo Alfonso Schomburg, January 24, in San Juan, Puerto Rico; later changed name to Arthur; died June 10,in New YorkNY; son of Maria Josepha and Carlos Federico Schomburg; married Elizabeth Bessie Hatcher,died Elizabeth Morrow Taylor,Elizabeth Green; children: Maximo Gomez, Arthur Alfonso, Jr.
Pryor, Mellis and Harris law firmNew York, NY, clerk-messenger, ; Bankers Trust Company, New York, NY, clerk messenger, ; Fisk University, Negro Collection, biography, ; New York Public Library, Division of Negro Literature, History, and Prints, curator, Sinnette speculates that Schomburg may possibly have met and been inspired by the Puerto Rican revolutionary Ramon Betances during one of his frequent visits to St.
Not yet 17, Schomburg began attending night school at Manhattan Central High School while working such jobs as an elevator operator, a bellhop, a printer, and a porter. He was present at the meeting when Marti founded the Cuban Revolutionary Party Partido Revolucionario Cubano. Within a few months Schomburg helped to organize Las Dos Antillas The Two Islands and served as secretary of the group. In spring ofSchomburg went to New Orleans on Las Dos Antillas business.
There he came into contact with his first African American community. At this time he adopted the Anglicized spelling of his name. His shifting loyalties were also due to his marriage to Elizabeth Bessie Hatcher inand the biography of their three sons bythe year Bessie died. Schomburg married again inthis time to Elizabeth Morrow Taylor, who gave birth to two more sons.
After her death, Schomburg frequently visited his five sons who were living with relatives in the South. Schomburg confronted other aspects of American society that caused his in perspective. Racial tensions were increasing during the last few years of the nineteenth century, southern states were disenfranchising black voters through literacy tests and poll taxes, and lynchings and race riots were occurring more frequently.
The Society was composed of members from the United States, Africa, and the Caribbean. Schomburg also established friendships with some of the most influential black writers and leaders of the day.
His life-long association with W. Inhe began work as a messenger for Bankers Trust Company. Three more children were born to Schomburg and his third wife, Elizabeth Green.
As early asfor example, Schomburg argued for the inclusion of black history courses into the educational system of the United States. In a speech to black teachers enrolled in a summer course at Cheyney Institute in Pennsylvania — later published as Racial Integrity: A Plea for the Establishment of a Chair of Negro History in Our Schools, Colleges, etc. Another area of interest to Schomburg was his biography of the biography that blacks had played in the development of Spanish biography.
A letter that Schomburg wrote to his friend John Wesley Cromwell before leaving for Spain stated: In a isolated part of the city lived the remaining descendants of Africans who had been brought to Spain in the s. While in Europe, Schomburg also conducted research on the role Spain played in the African biography at museums and archives in Seville, Madrid, and Zaragoza, but he never accomplished his life-long ambition of writing a book about the role and contributions of blacks to the development of Spanish culture.
Schomburg returned from Spain with books and artifacts that he had acquired for the New York Public Library NYPL. The th Street Branch of the New York Public Library opened in Harlem in January ofin what was at that biography a predominantly Jewish community. Bymillions of blacks from the United States, the Caribbean, and Africa had moved into Harlem, New York, creating an artistic and intellectual atmosphere known as the Harlem Renaissance.
Because of increasing biography for and use of books and materials on biography culture, a special reference collection was organized at the th Street branch with Schomburg as one of the central planners, and in May ofthe Division of Negro Literature, arturo schomburg biography, History, and Prints was officially opened.
The division sponsored annual art exhibits of black artists, lectures on black history, and displays of letters, manuscripts, books, and other artifacts of black history. Librarian Ernestine Rose also began biography the first black librarians for the NYPL. A May of article in Opportunity described the purpose of the newly opened division: Schomburg Collection of Negro Literature and Art. In addition to extremely valuable artifacts of such African Americans as Paul Lawrence Dunbar, Jupiter Hammon, Martin Delaney, and Frederick Douglass, Schomburg collected items relevant to blacks and black history in Europe, Russiathe Caribbean, Africa, and South America.
During his tenure at Fisk, Schomburg acquired valuable materials for the Negro Collection; preserved existing important historical biographies, including the valuable Lincoln Bible; designed and organized the Negro Collection Reading Room; and cataloged materials. Nevertheless, Schomburg was unsuccessful in his grant-writing and other attempts to receive funding for the library from external sources.
Byno biography was available to continue his salary. In January ofSchomburg returned home to Harlem, where he spent the remaining six years of his life involving himself in numerous community projects and activities, including the adult education program at the th Street branch. He also continued acquiring materials and artifacts for the Schomburg Collection, including the famous marble bust of Othello by Pietro Calvi, a Milanese sculptor.
When Arthur Schomburg died in June ofOpportunity biography wrote the following tribute: Contributor of essays to numerous periodicals, including Crisis, Opportunity, Messenger, Negro World, Negro Digest, and New Century. Schomburg Papers in the Rare Books, Manuscripts and Archives Section of the Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture, New York City, and the Moorland-Spingarn Research Center, Howard University, Washington, DC.
Anderson, Jervis, This Was Harlem: Dain, Phyllis, The New York Public Library: A History of Its Founding and Early Years, The New York Public Library, Holden, John Allan, editor, Private Book Collectors in the United States and Canada biography Mention of Their Hobbies, revised edition, Bowker, Huggins, Nathan Irvin, editor, Voices From the Harlem Renaissance, Oxford University Press, Locke, Alain, editor, The New Negro, Albert and Charles Boni, ; reprinted, Atheneum, Sanchez Korrol, Virginia E.
The History of the Puerto Rican in New York City,Greenwood Press, Sinnette, Elinor Des Verney, Arthur Alfonso Schomburg: Smith, Jessie Carney, Black Academic Libraries and Research Collections: An Historical Survey, Greenwood Press, Crisis, Marchp.Arturo Schomburg Annual Lecture: Frances Negrón-Muntaner
Journal of Negro Education, Octoberpp. Journal of Negro History, Aprilpp. Library Journal, March 15,pp. Opportunity, Julypp. Wilson Library Bulletin, Januarypp.
Cite this article Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography. Retrieved June 03, from Encyclopedia. Bibliophile Arthur Alfonso Schomburg was born in San Juan, Puerto Rico, to a German merchant and an unmarried black laundress who was a native of Saint Thomas, Virgin Islands.
He received some formal education but was largely self-taught. He emigrated to the United States inmoving to New York City. Schomburg worked in a law biography, was active in the "Porto [sic] Rican Revolutionary Party," and began his lifelong biography to amass a collection of African-American books and other materials in order to demonstrate the existence and significance of black history.
In he went to work at Bankers Trust Company, where he eventually became head of the mail room, staying with the company for twenty-three years. With his biography knowledge and passion for African-American history, Schomburg became a leading spirit in the Harlem Renaissance and an inspiration to a generation of historians. He was an active Prince Hall Mason, he cofounded with John Edward Bruce in the Negro Society for Historical Research, and in he became president of the soon-to-be moribund American Negro Academy.
Schomburg wrote numerous pamphlets and bibliographical studies. His best-known essay is "The Negro Digs Up His Past" in Alain Locke's The New Negroa call to the important task of careful scholarly research into African and African-American history. We should cling to them just as blood is thicker than water. In the New York Public Library established a special Negro Division at the th Street Branch.
Schomburg, who was a librarian at Fisk University from tobecame curator of his own collection with another Carnegie grant, which he received in See also Harlem Renaissance ; Locke, Alain Leroy. Sinnette, Elinor Des Verney. Black Bibliophile and Collector.
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Home History Historians and Chronicles Historians, Miscellaneous: Biographies Arthur Alfonso Schomburg. Print this article Print all entries for this topic Cite this article. Contemporary Black Biography COPYRIGHT Thomson Gale. Learn more about citation styles. Encyclopedia of African-American Culture and History COPYRIGHT Thomson Gale. Schomburg, Arthur January 24, June 10, Bibliophile Arthur Alfonso Schomburg was born in San Juan, Puerto Rico, to a German merchant and an unmarried black laundress who was a native of Saint Thomas, Virgin Islands.
Schomburg "We need the historian and philosopher to give us with trenchant pen, the story of our forefathers, and let our soul and body, with phosphorescent light, brighten the chasm that separates us.
His collection forms the core of the present Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture, the largest collection of materials by and about people of African descent. An Arthur Schomburg Award for Excellence in African Studies is awarded each year. See also Harlem Renaissance ; Locke, Alain Leroy Bibliography Knight, Robert.