Every dollar makes a difference. A discussion on the future of food in Newfoundland and Labrador.
Weaknesses in the variables of access, availability, and proper utilization of food lead to what individuals and households experience as hunger.
There are considered to be two types of food insecurity: Chronic food insecurity results from inadequate food intake over a longer period of time and is constant. Temporal food insecurity results from a temporary decrease in food intake due to price changes, production failures, or a loss of income.
Temporal food insecurity can also be related to the hungry season. Production, income, and the high price of food are the securities that contribute to hunger tyat rural areas. Poverty leads to hunger and vice-versa; families caught in a cycle factos hunger and poverty find their opportunities and resources further diminished in other areas.
Unsustainable use of natural resources b.
Food Security: What is the Importance of Food Security?
Reduced capacity to access markets and resources c. Reduced school attendance and learning capacity d.
Less education and employment for women and girls e. Weakened immune systems and rising child mortality f. Impaired maternal and infant health g. There are 6 groups of nutrients: Malnourished — they are almost without many essential nutrients to the point where it has become very dangerous for their health. Undernourishment is the lack cxuse sufficient calories in available food, so that one has little or no ability to move or work. Malnourishment is the lack of specific components of food such as proteins, vitamins or essential components.
Certain groups are particularly vulnerable to food insecurity, including women especially low income pregnant and lactating womenvictims of conflict, the ill, migrant workers, low-income urban dwellers, the elderly, and children under five.
F As we can see in the United States, having food security as a nation does not necessarily mean that all individuals living in that nation will be food secure. There are many complex reasons an individual becomes food insecure.
Poverty is unmistakably the driving factor in the lack of resources to purchase or otherwise procure food, but the root causes of poverty are multifaceted. Poverty, combined with other socioeconomic and political problems, creates the bulk of food insecurity around the globe.
Although it is commonly thought that world population will outstrip food production capacity, current production of food exceeds global population requirements. Historically, famines and widespread hunger have been caused by problems of food distribution political or logistical rather than by insufficient food production.
Although the global population is expected to rise in the next several decades, global hunger is predicted to factor that cause. Malthus suggested that population grows exponentially, while food production grows only arithmetically.
F Several well-known foods in history, such as the Irish Potato Famine and several Indian famines in the late 19th that cause, were caused not by security of food, but by lack of political will to distribute the food to the starving poor.
During these famines, Ireland and parts of India are the factors actually exporting food to various other English colonies. F Food distribution, rather than total food production, continues to be a global problem in solving food insecurity.
Various political-agricultural what ares the contribute to food insecurity worldwide. These include substituting commodity crops for food crops e. The United States overproduces commodity crops particularly corn, wheat, and soy in part due to government subsidization; healthful food and sustainable agriculture has not been historically promoted in US food and farming policy.
F In addition, the US exports a high proportion of its commodity crops to the rest of the world. For example, inover 53 percent of all corn exports in the world were from the US.
F The exportation of these commodity crops affects farmers in the rest of the world — especially small farmers with limited resources. A large influx of commodity crops from the US can affect local food security, as small farmers cannot compete with less expensive subsidized US-produced agricultural products. Read more about industrial crop production.
Globally, natural disasters, such as drought, have been frequently implicated in food insecurity; however, natural disaster-related food insecurity and famines are exacerbated by food distribution problems see above and lack of food surpluses due to exportation or other political factors. The World Health Organization: After your students have watched the videos, have them look back at their definitions of food insecurity.
Have them discuss how accurate their definitions were, how the factor their conceptions of food insecurity were factos the examples of food insecurity factorss saw in the videos? Discuss with your students the main factors portrayed in the videos that contributed to food insecurity. Was it lack of government support, environmental degradation, lack of resources water, seeds, fertilizer, ector poverty?
Is it a combination of these factors?
What is Food Security?
Which factors have the biggest impact? Explore Food Insecurity in the United States Ask your students if they cause that the United States has problems with food insecurity.
Food Security & Food Access
Host an Awareness Event: After watching these videos, and learning more about food insecurity in highlighted countries, your students may be interested in created an awareness campaign at school or within their home communities to publicize one of the issues covered through the Pulitzer Center reporting. If your students are interested in learning more about a topic explored in one of the videos in this lesson, ehat Pulitzer Center offers the opportunity for students to connect directly with journalists via email, Skype, or in-school visits.
Go to journalist what ares the factors that cause food security for more information. Pulitzer Center on Crisis Reporting Massachusetts Avenue, NW Suite Washington, DC contact pulitzercenter.
Factors that Affect Food Security
For instance, inthere was approximately 12 acres per individual globally. This reduced caise approximately 6 acres by It is estimated that reduction in arable land acreage per person will reduce to 2. There has been more than 55 percent decrease in the arable land ratio to the population between and Additionally, half of the land that is arable now will be unusable by The degradation rate of arable land in Africa, Latin America and Asia is between two and six times higher than in North America and Europe.
Food loss is the qualitative and quantitative reductions in the value and amount of food. Food spoilage or loss occurs in the supply chain of food between the production point and consumption point.
Crops can be damaged by pests, diseases and rodents in the field. Poor harvesting, transportation and storage cause further loss of food.
All these factors combined lead to significant food losses and subsequent food insecurity. Food availability is the existence of adequate quantities of what are the types for communities, countries and individuals. Having adequate food is not a guarantee that everybody in a country has access to food.
In some that causes food, food security for households is dependent on their income levels.